Flashcards in Chapter 4 vocab Deck (24):
transfers energy from organic compounds to ATP
organizes the synthesis of proteins.
prepares proteins for export (rough ER); synthesizes steroids, regulates calcium levels, breaks down toxic substances (smooth ER).
processes and packages substances produced by the cell
digests molecules, old organelles ,and foreign substances
contributes to the support, movement, and division of cell.s
micro filaments and microtubules
propel cells through the environment; move materials over the cell surface
cilia and flagella
stores hereditary information in DNA; synthesizes RNA and ribosomes
supports and protects the cell
stores enzymes and waste products
stores food or pigments; one type (chloroplast) transfers energy from light to organic compounds.
proteins attached to the surface of the cell membrane
proteins embedded in the bilayer
scientists use the ___________ to describe the cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Contains various organelles of the cell.
the organelles in the cytoplasm are bathed in a gelatin like aqueous fluid called the
the inner membrane of the mitochondria
made up of proteins and RNA
a network of long protein strands located in the cytosol
two major components of the cytoskeleton
microfilaments and microtubules
Microfilaments are made of what protein
bundles of microtubules
double membrane of the nucleus