semester 1 exam part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in semester 1 exam part 3 Deck (30):
1

system of flattened sacs in chloroplasts where photosynthesis occurs

thylakoids

2

the rough endoplasmic reticulum in cells contain many

ribosomes

3

the part of a eukaryotic cell that stores hereditary information

nucleus

4

processing, packaging, and secreting organelle of the cell

golgi apparatus

5

greatly enlarge the surface area of the inner membrane of mitochondria

cristae

6

the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the processes of life

cell

7

the cell membrane

encloses the contents of a cell
allows material to enter and leave the cell
is selectively permeable

8

short, hair like organelles that can move and may cover a unicellular organism or line the respiratory tract are called

cilia

9

groups of cells that perform a certain function

tissues

10

a network of long protein strands withing the cytosol
two major components are microfilaments and microtubules

cytoskeleton

11

a collection of genetically identical cells that live together in a closely connected group

colonial organism

12

one difference between a eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell is that only

eukaryotic cells have membrane bound organelles

13

cells that have a high energy requirement generally have many

mitochondria

14

cells that from the surface coverings of animal bodies constitute

epithelial tissue

15

an example of an organ is the

stomach

16

the maximum size to which a cell may grow is limited mainly by the cell's

surface area

17

the major components of cell membranes are

proteins embedded in an phospholipid bilayer

18

these organelles are common in liver and kidney cells where they break down toxic substances

lysosomes

19

yellow orange and brown accessory pigments

carotenoids

20

adds phosphate group to ADP

ATP synthase

21

cluster of pigment molecules

photosystem

22

component colors of white light

visible spectrum

23

reflects green light

chlorophyll

24

a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reaction is consumed in the next

biochemical pathway

25

solution that surrounds the thylakoids

stroma

26

stacks of thylakoids

grana

27

photosynthesis occurs inside the

chloroplasts

28

during chemiosmosis,

ATP is synthesized from ADP

29

a product in the overall equation for photosynthesis is

oxygen

30

product of cellular respiration that is needed for photosynthesis is

carbon dioxide