Chapter 10 section 2 Flashcards Preview

Biology > Chapter 10 section 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 section 2 Deck (14):
1

RNA consists of only

one strand unlike DNA

2

what is the sugar molecule of RNA

Ribose

3

instead of thymine, what does RNA have ?

uracil

4

what are the 3 types of RNA

messenger RNA
transfer RNA
Ribosomal RNA

5

which RNA consists of nucleotides in a single uncoiled chain

mRNA

6

carries genetic information from DNA to the cytosol

mRNA

7

is a single chain of 80 nucleotides folded in a hairpin shape that binds to specific amino acids

tRNA

8

nucleotides in a global form

rRNA

9

makes up the ribosomes where proteins are made

rRNA

10

genetic information is copied from DNA to RNA

transcription

11

DNA's genetic information is transcribed by the

RNA polymerase

12

RNA polymerase forms the

mRNA strand

13

RNA polymerase starts at the

promoter

14

RNA polymerase ends at the

termination signal