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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (48):
1

_______ __________, including planning and developing implementation and eval strategies, emerged in the 1980s as a key component of health ed and health promotion

program development

2

With growing concerns about health care costs and access to care, _______ __________ and _______/______ prevention activities will likely play a major role in the future of health svcs.

heath promotion; disease/injury

3

____________ is a "planned, coordinated group of activities, procedures, etc., often for a specific purpose or outcome; it addresses a specific need, problem or situation, shows what activities have taken place and reports what measureable changes have occurred."

a program

4

Sometimes programs are referred to as _________.

interventions

5

This is the acquisition and use of info about events, trends, and relationships in an organization's external environment, the knowledge of which would assist management in planning the organization's future course of action.

environmental scanning

6

The goal of ______ is to gain data, info and knowledge to enable action

scanning

7

T/F: There is no single standardized methodology for conducting environmental scans

T

8

A __________ is a general direction, tendency, or predictable sequence of event

trend

9

6-step trend analysis #1 Locate & Gather sources of trend info, such as _______

internet, tv, magazines, etc

10

6-step trend analysis #2: Identify relevant articles and trend information, and take ____.

notes

11

6-step trend anlysis #3: Categorize articles, trend info, and notes into broad categories?

health

12

6-step trend analysis # 4: Remove any items that you believe are not likely to impact _________________.

Occupational Therapy Practice.

13

6-step trend analysis #5: Predict ________ futures based on the trends discovered.

probable

14

6-step trend analysis #6: Sort remaining articles, trend info, and notes into two groups, those that ________ and those that ______________ on community

are going to have a positive impact, those that are likely to have a negative impact

15

a process of establishing priorities, diagnosing causes of problems, and allocating resources to achieve objectives

program planning

16

During this phase of program planning, consideration is given to who should be involved, when the planning should occur, what resources are needed, and what process should be followed

preplanning

17

This phase encompasses the need for collaboration

plan with people

18

You should use graphs, and surveys, and draw things and use big yellow post it notes during this phase

plan with data

19

This includes considering how the program might be staffed and financed after the initial intervention or how it might ultimately become incorporated as an integral part of an agency's svcs.

plan for performance

20

The most effective programs are those that address the greatest need and are designed or known to have the greatest effect within given resources (eg: getting free space may take precedent over getting furniture from the bank, because you don't want to not find room and then have all this extra furniture.

plan for priorities

21

preplanning or exploration mirrors what in the OT process?

chart review

22

Needs Assessment (Data Gathering and Analysis)

client eval

23

Program Planning

Intervention Planning

24

Program Implementation

Intervention

25

Program Evaluation

Re-eval and mod of intervention plan as appropriate

26

Sustainability Plan

Discharge planning and carryover to Home and Community

27

Dissemination plan

Documentation

28

the regular systematic collection, assembly, analysis, and dissemination of information on the health of a community. Designed to prioritize issues and faciliate the development of interventions to address community concerns

needs assessment

29

the capacities, skills, and strengths of individual community members, community organizations, and the community as a whole are identified

capacity assessment

30

persons, typically formal or informal leaders, who have expert knowledge about a phenomenon of interest.

key informants

31

also called archival data - existing data collected by agencies for other purposes

secondary data

32

the most frequently used tool for gathering info for the needs assessment

surveys

33

The most frequently used method of collecting QUALITATIVE data for needs assessments. Most commonly open forums, focus groups, etc

group processes

34

ADVANTAGES FOR $1000: This data source/method is easy to administer; relatively low in cost; time, efficient; quantifiable; broad reach into community/target population

What is a written questionnaire?

35

DISADVANTAGES FOR $1000: You may experience a low return rate, may not be representative; not useful for people who are illiterate or not fluent in English; prone to design problems; technical assistance for questionnaire construction and data processing/analysis possibly necessary.

What is a written questionnaire?

36

ADVANTAGES FOR $1500: High response rate; greater flexibility for answers and interviewer probing; opportunity to observe non-verbal responses; ability to include people who are illiterate or who have vision problems; rapport building

What is a face-to-face interview?

37

DISADVANTAGES FOR $1500: Smaller sample size; costly in terms of time and travel; trained interviewers required; possible difficulty with scheduling; time consuming; opportunity for bias; possibility to raise client expectations; data more difficult to interpret/summarize

What is a face to face interview?

38

ADVANTAGES for $500: This is easy to administer, no travel time and cost; perceived anonymity, fairly good response rate

What is the Telephone Interview?

39

DISADVANTAGES for $500: Sampling challenges; may not be respresentative; not as suitable for long questionnaires; inability to observe non-verbal reactions; possible rise in client expectations; trained interviewers necessary to avoid bias; computer capability and technical assistance for questionnaire construction and data processing/analysis possibly needed.

What is the Telephone Interview?

40

ADVANTAGES FOR $50: limited number of participants necessary

What is key informant?

41

DISADVANTAGES FOR $50: Possible difficulty in identifying informal leaders; biased results possible; participants may have vested interests

What is key informant?

42

ADVANTAGES FOR $50000: Opportunity for fluid, natural discussion around an issue; complementary to other data

What are Group Processes

43

This is the most structured of the group methods; a combination of written responses, voting, and discussion used in small groups of 10 or less.

Nominal group process

44

Groups of 8-12 clients/potential clients responding to a structured set of questions

Focus groups

45

An open public meeting with all interested parties invited

community forum

46

an explanation of why a phenomenon occurs the way it does

theory

47

a quantified statement of a desired change in the status of a priority health need.

goal

48

Key to this perspective is that health behavior both influences and is influenced by the environment

ecological perspective