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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (44):
1

A diligent investigation of a program's characteristics and merits.

Program evaluation

2

Individuals, groups or organizations that can affect or are affected by an evaluation process and/or its findings.

Stakeholders

3

This provides credible and relevant information concerning a program's theoretical framework, design, activities, and operation.

Formative evaluation

4

This provides credible, valid information concerning the program's outcomes, impact, and effectiveness.

summative evaluation

5

Evaluations tend to be conducted around 5 main focus areas:

Needs assessment
Program Theory
Program Implementation
Program Impact
Program Efficiency

6

Theories that explain the cause and effect links between the problems, program activities, and outcomes.

Logic models

7

Focus on the long-term effects of a program or process, establishing cause and effect relationships between the program and the outcomes or changes in the social problem or need.

Outcome evaluations

8

Assess the immediate effects of a program or process on the target population and typically measure the achievement of program objectives.

Impact evaluations

9

Used to examine the costs and benefits of programs in terms of quality of their operations and the outcomes they produce.

Efficiency evaluations

10

The main objective of _______ ________ is to provide stakeholders with information that leads to a deeper understanding and working definition of the social problem or need.

needs assessment

11

This focuses on working with stakeholders to construct a clear description of how a program is intended to work.

Program theory evaluation

12

This provides information on the actual operation of the program.

Program implementation evaluation

13

This involves the identification of key outcomes, and the systematic practice of collecting data to inform the stakeholders of the program's effectiveness in reaching these outcomes.

Program monitoring

14

______ ______ attempt to measure program effects and have a summative purpose.

Impact evaluations

15

This focuses on the merit or worth of a program from the standpoint of its financial benefits and costs.

program efficiency evaluation

16

This advocates the use of different approaches to evaluation based on important information such as the nature of the program being evaluated, the context of the evaluation, the informational needs and intended use of the evaluating results by stakeholders, programmatic resources, and the specific evaluation questions.

contingency perspective

17

What are the approaches to Program evaluation?

Objectives approach
Managerial approach
Participatory approach
Utilization-Focused approach
Appreciative Inquiry (AI) approach

18

This approach emphasizes the determination of the achievement of stated goals and objectives in the program design.

Objectives approach

19

Some models that emphasize objectives approach are:

Tylerian approach
Discrepancy Evaluation
Metfessel and Michael's Evaluation Paradigm

20

This approach includes examining program objectives as well as looking beyond programmatic outcomes and views the informational needs of managers as a critical aspect of evaluation.

managerial approach

21

Referred to as formative evaluation, this assesses, analyzes and documents the development and implementation of a program or strategy to determine if the program activities were conducted as planned

process evaluation

22

This approach uses language or narrative as raw data in order to study people's thoughts, experiences, and perspectives.

qualitative approach

23

This approach uses numbers as raw data in order to test hypotheses and establish cause-effect relationships.

quantitative approach

24

This approach emphasizes the formative purpose of evaluation. Considers information needs of all stakeholder groups.

Participatory approach

25

Examples of participatory approach include _______ ________, ________, and _________ evaluations.

Utilization Focused, Responsive, and Empowerment

26

The premise of this is that the results of evaluative processes should be judged by their utility, usability, and use or actual application of the findings.

utilization-focused approach

27

This approach focuses on organizational and program assets as opposed to the identification of problems and deficits.

Appreciative inquiry (AI) approach

28

What are the 5 principles of AI approach?

Constructivist principle
Simultaneity principle
Poetic principle
Anticipatory principle
Positive principle

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Constructivist principle

acceptance that multiple realities exist

30

Simultaneity principle

inquiry and change are simultaneous and therefore inquiry is intervention

31

Poetic principle

organization or program is continuously authoring its own story and can take the plot line in any direction at any time

32

Anticipatory principle

image an organization or program has about its future guides its current actions

33

Positive principle

focusing on positive experiences, participants become more motivated, inspired and engaged

34

The most common method for conducting AI approach.

4D model (Discovery, Dream, Design, and Destiny)

35

Observable and measurable milestones toward an outcome target

indicators

36

Quantitative approaches fall into these three broad categories:

Non-experimental design
Quasi-experimental design
Experimental design

37

This involves participants serving as their own controls. Evaluation measures are gathered on participants before and after the intervention program.

non-experimental designs

38

This compares two groups. The group that is receiving the intervention is matched to a population that is similar demographically but is not receiving the program.

quasi-experimental designs

39

This randomly assigns people to two groups. One group receives an intervention and the other does not. Data collected from both groups.

experimental designs

40

Ways to collect qualitative data:

Interviews, focus groups, observation, and review of documents.

41

Refers to using evaluation results to inform action.

Instrumental use

42

Refers to the impact of evaluation processes on decision makers' thought processes about a current or future program.

Conceptual use

43

Occurs when cognitive and behavioral changes result as a function of participating in the evaluation process

Process use

44

Use of evaluation data for political gain

symbolic use