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Flashcards in chapter 5 - tissues Deck (40):
1

that tissue which conducts the specific function of the organ and which usually comprises the bulk of the organ

parenchyma

2

supports the parenchyma; comprises everything else (connective tissues, blood vessels, nerves, ducts)

stroma

3

anchors epithelium to underlying connective tissue

basement membrane

4

single layer of thin, flattened cells through which substances pass easily (gas exchange, filtration)

simple squamous epithelium

5

Where are simple squamous located?

Lungs, alveoli

6

Single layer of cube-shaped cells; carries on secretion and absorption functions

simple cuboidal

7

Where is simple cuboidal located?

Kidney tubules and ducts

8

Single later of elongated cells whose uncle are near the basement membrane; contains goblet cells that secrete mucus; have microvilli on top

simple columnar

9

Where is simple columnar located?

Lines the uterus and portions of the digestive tract (small intestine, large intestine, and stomach)

10

appears stratified, where nuclei are at two or more levels, cilia is present on apical surface

pseudostratifed columnar

11

Where are pseudostratifed columnar located?

Line the respiratory passages

12

composed of many layers of cells, top layers are flattened, where they protect underlying cells from harmful environmental effects

stratified squamous

13

Where is stratified squamous located?

Superficial portion of skin, oral, vaginal, and anal cavities

14

composed of two or three layers of cube-shaped cells; important for containment

stratified cuboidal

15

Where is stratified cuboidal located?

Lines the ducts of mammary glands, sweat glands, salivary glands, pancreas

16

two layers of elongated cells, not ciliated

stratified columnar

17

Where is stratified columnar located?

ONLY in urethra

18

specialized to stretch, change in response to increased tension

transitional epithelium

19

Where is transitional epithelium located?

Forms the inner lining of the urinary bladder and lines the ureters and superior urethra

20

Composed of cells specialized to produce and secrete substances into ducts or into body fluids; usually found within columnar or cuboidal epithelium

Glandular epithelium

21

Composed of simple cuboidal cells

glands

22

secrete watery fluids without the loss of cytoplasm (exocytosis)

merocrine gland

23

lose portions of their cells during secretion; mammary glands

apocrine glands

24

release cells filled with secretions (hair)

holocrine glands

25

intestinal glands of small intestine

simple tubular

26

sweat glands of the skin

simple coiled tubular

27

bulbourethral glands of males

compound tubular

28

mammary glands

compound alveolar

29

gastric glands

simple branched tubular

30

sebaceous glands of skin

simple branched alveolar

31

LOOSE, forms thin membranes between organs and binds them, thick and thin fibers are present with lots of space

loose areolar connective tissue

32

Where is loose areolar tissue located?

In the calves

33

stains light, nuclei are pushed off to the side; stores fat, cushions, and insulates

adipose tissue

34

Where are adipose tissue located?

Everywhere, around hair follicle

35

stains dark, lots of dark spots and hair like fibers

reticular tissue

36

Where is reticular tissue located?

Only in the liver

37

WAVY, closely packed = STRONG; largely composed of strong,collagen fibers that bind structures; lousy blood supply

dense regular connective tissue

38

Where is dense regular tissue located?

Tendons and ligaments

39

thin hairs intermixed with collagenous fibers

elastic connective tissue

40

Location of elastic connective tissue

connecting parts of spinal column