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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (18):
1

Climate

The weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, and winds, in an area over a long period of time.

2

Latitude

The distance north and south of the equator, measured in degrees.

3

Altitude

The height of an object an object above sea level.

4

Tropical Rain Forest

A forest or jungle near the equator that is characterized by large amounts of rain and little variation in temperature and that contains the greatest known diversity of organisms on Earth.

5

Permafrost

The permanently frozen later of soil it subsoil in arctic regions.

6

Tundra

A treeless plain that is located in the Arctic or Antarctic and that is characterized by very low winter temperatures; short, cool summers, and vegetation that that consists of grasses, lichens, and perennial herbs.

7

Desert

A region that had little or no vegetation, long periods without rain, and extreme temperatures; usually found in warm climates.

8

Chaparral

A type of vegetation that includes broad-leafed evergreen shrubs and that is located in areas with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.

9

Temperate Grassland

A community (or biome) that is dominated by grasses, has few trees, and is characterized by cold winters and rainfall that is intermediate between that of a forest and a desert.

10

Savanna

A plain full of grasses and scattered trees and shrubs; found in topical and subtropical habitats and mainly in regions with a dry climate, such as East Africa.

11

Taiga

A region of evergreen, coniferous forest below the arctic and subarctic tundra regions.

12

Temperate Deciduous Forest

A forest (or biome) that is characterized by trees that shed their leaves in the fall.

13

Temperate Rain Forest

A forest community (or biome), characterized by cool, humid weather an abundant rainfall, where tree branches are draped with mosses, tree trunks are covered with lichens, and the forest floor is covered with ferns.

14

Understory

A foliage later that is beneath and shaded by the main canopy of a forest.

15

Epiphyte

A plant that uses another plant for support, but not for nourishment.

16

Canopy

The layers of treetops that shade the forest floor.

17

Emergent Layer

The top foliage later in a first where the trees extend above surrounding trees.

18

Biome

A large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plants and animal communities.