chapter 6 thorax power point Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 6 thorax power point Deck (82):
1

ribs

sternum

thoracic vertebra

 

 

 

bony thorax

2

manubrium

sternoclavicular joints

jugular notch

sternal angle

body

xiphoid process

sternum

3

12 pair total intercostal spaces in between

ribs

4

at superior part of rib cage

thoracic inlet

5

at inferior part of rib cage

thoracic outlet

6

respiration air exchange spongy has serous membrane

lungs

7

apex (at top)

base (at bottom)

mediastinal surface

medial angle

lateral angle

lobes

fissures

cardiac notch (left lung has)

hilum (root of lung)

lungs

8

left has 2

right has 3 (superior, middle, inferior)

lobes

9

divides lobes

fissures

10

left lung only has this heart fits into it

cardiac notch

11

passage area of nerves, blood

hilum

12

parietal pleura (follows bony thorax)

visceral pleura (deeper inside against lung tissue)

pleural cavities

13

left and right mainstem

carina

secondary bronchi

tertiary

bronchopulmonary segments

bronchi

alveoli

 

Trachea

14

area between lungs superior compartment inferior compartment thymus trachea and esophagus lymph nodes lymph vessels

mediastinum

15

lymph organ produces thyroxin decreases in size with age and replaced by fat immune system

thymus gland

16

L-rings descends air filled

trachea

17

anterior to vertebra

esophagus

18

neck has 1/3 of total classified by location filter toxins

lymph nodes

19

network of vessels that carry lymph fluid from tissue to venous circulation

lymph vessels

20

empties to right subclavian

right lymphatic duct

21

1. IVC/SVC to

2. right atrium to

3. tricuspid valve or right AV to

4. right ventricle to

5. pulmonary semi lunar valve

6. pulmonary artery to

7. lungs to

blood circulation through heart----de-oxygenated

22

7. pulmonary veins to

8. left atrium to

9. bicuspid or mitral valve or left AV to

10. left ventricle to

11. aortic semi lunar valve to

12. aorta

blood circulation through heart---oxygenated

23

Fist sized

1/3 rt side of chest

2/3 left side chest

heart

24

4 chambers

4 valves

base (at top)

apex (at bottom)

heart makeup

25

heart base

superior

26

heart apex

lower left

27

rt atrium

rt ventricle

lt atrium

lt ventricle

chambers of the heart

28

receives deoxy blood

rt atrium

29

pumps deoxy blood to lungs

rt ventricle

30

receives oxy blood from lungs

lt atrium

31

pumps oxy blood to circulatory system in body

lt ventricle

32

tricuspid valve

rt atrioventricular valve

valve between rt atrium and ventricle

33

pulmonary semilunar valve

valve between rt ventricle and pulmonary arteries

34

bicuspid

mitrol

lt atrioventricluar valve

valve between lt atrium and ventricle

35

aortic semilunar valve

valve between lt ventricle and ascending AO

36

3 layers

epicardium

myocardium

endocardium

heart wall

37

fibrous layer

serous layer

epicardial fat

pericardium

38

attaches to central tendon of diaphragm

pierced by IVC

fibrous pericardium

39

double layered sac membrane inside fibrous pericardium

serous pericardium

40

most commonly located at areas around in and out flow of the heart

epicardial fat

41

divides the left and rt ventricles

interventricular septum

42

divides the left and rt atrium

interatrial septum

43

hole between rt and lt atrium during fetal formation

closes after birth

foramen ovale

44

depression left after foramen ovale closes

fossa ovalis

45

ascending 

arch

descending

partsof the aorta

46

rises out of left ventricle

ascending AO

47

turns from ascending AO to descending AO

3 branches off 

AO arch

48

takes oxy blood to torso and lower extremities

descending AO

49

LT CCA (common carotid artery)

L subclavian

brachiocephalic trunk

branches off of AO arch

50

divides into 2 ateries to take deoxy blood to lungs

pulmonary trunk

51

divides into superior and inferior from lung, begins as capillary network in alveoli

takes oxy blood to Rt atrium (p.350)

rt pulmonary vein (pulmonary artery takes deoxy blood into lungs)

52

return oxy blood from lungs to lt atrium

2 rt

2 left

pulmonary veins

53

supply blood to heart itself

arise from base of ascending AO

coronary arteries

54

supply RA/RV (rite atrium/ventricle)

IA septum (interatrial)

IV septum (interventricular)

right coronary artery

55

supply LA/LV (left atrium/venticle)

IA septum (interatrial)

IV septum (interventricular)

left coronary artery

56

supplies heart muscles with blood,comes off of ascending aorta, left and right

coronary circulation (coronary artery)

57

main veinous drain for heart

coronary sinus

58

great cardiac V

small cardiac V

middle cardiac V

 

drain into coronary sinus

59

runs parallel to IVC

drains posterior torso

secondary blood flow if IVC becomes blocked

azygos venous system

60

internal/external jugulars

subclavian V

brachiocephalic V

tributaries to the SVC

61

drains all deoxy blood from lower body back to RA (rite atrium)

IVC

62

intercostal muscles

serratus superior/inferior

diaphragm

muscles of respiration

63

main muscle of respiration

diaphragm

64

crura

AO (aorta) hiatus

Caval hiatus

esophogeal hiatus

 

parts of the diaphragm

65

attach diaphragm to spine

crura

66

4 quadrants

tail of spence

areas of the breast

67

ascends toward the axillary region

tail of spence

68

subcutaneous

mammary

retromammary

layers of the breast

69

glandular tissue

excretory ducts

suspensory  (cooper's) ligaments

mammary layer

70

tissue behind mammary layer

contains the pectoralis muscle

retromammary layer

71

embedded in connective tissue

gives breast size and shape

glandular tissue

72

area where arteries and veins pass into lung

hilum

73

parietal pleura

visceral pleura

layers of pleural cavity

74

outer layer 

follows bony thorax, diaphragm and thoracic wall

parietal pleura

75

inner layer

attaches to lung

visceral pleura

76

division of trachea into mainstem bronchi

at about T5

carina

77

functional unit of lungs

provides the blood gas exchange

 

aveoli

78

located mostly along arteries and veins

lymph nodes

79

main lymphatic vessel 

drains all lymph fluid from tissues below the diaphragm and L side of the body above the diaphragm

empties into left subclavian

thoracic duct

80

openings in diaphragm that allow nerves, aorta, esophagus, IVC to pass through it

hiatus (aortic hiatus, caval hiatus, esophageal hiatus)

81

muscle from spinous process to ribs

serratus muscle

82

transverse process of vertebra attaches to tubercle of rib at costotransverse joint

head of rib attaches to body of vertebra at costovertebral joint

body of rib attaches to sternum with costal cartilage

articulation of joints, ribs, vertebra, sternum