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Z MRI Sectional Anatomy > Final review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final review Deck (62):
1

Dura mater(outer layer)

arachnoid mater(spiderweb middle layer)

pia mater(vascular inner layer)

layers of the meninges(membranes sorrounding brain)

2

CSF

Cerebral Spinal Fluid locatoin

subarachnoid space(is between arachnoid and pia)

3

fiber tract that connects the left and right hemisphers of the brain

corpus collosum

4

sends the orders from the brain

outer surface

gray matter(neuron cells)

5

sends signals to perform the orders

inner part of brain

white matter(myelin sheath)

6

frontal(emotions)

parietal(sensations)

temporal(hearing)

occipital(vision)

lobes of the brain

7

divides off of spinal cord at C4-T1

innervates upper extremities and upper torso

brachial plexus

8

horse tail like structure at end of spinal cord

nerves continuing to lower torso and extremiteis

cauda equina

9

tapers at L1-L2

end of spinal cord

conus medullaris

10

fiber that attaches end of spinal cord to coccyx

filum terminale

11

stabilize the spinal cord in the column laterally

denticulate ligaments

12

tegmentum

midbrain

Pons

medulla oblongata

brainstem

13

12 nerves

 

cranial nerves

14

how many nerves off of brainstem

10

15

massester

temporalis

medial/lateral pterygoid

muscles of masstication

16

funtional unit of the lung

blood gas exchange

alveoli

17

median nerve

nerve passes through carpal tunnel

18

completes the labrum of the acetablulum

 

transverse ligament

19

connects medial intercondylar tubercle to the posterior medial surface of the latera femoral condyle

prevents hyperextension

ACL

Anterior Cruciate Ligament

20

stonger ligament

attaches posterior intercondylar eminence to anteriomedial surface of medial femoral condyle

prevents hyperflexion

PCL

Posterior Cruciate Ligament

21

crescent shaped 

fibrous connective tissue

cushion between femur and tibia

medial attached to collateral ligament

medial and lateral menisci

22

tendon connects to patella then turns into ligament

quadracepts tendon

patellar ligament

23

cushions the temporomandibular joint

articular disk of the TMJ

24

frontal

sphenoid

ethmoid

maxillary

sinuses

25

lighten skull

resonate voice

 

sinus purpose

26

produce CSF in ventricles

choroid plexus

27

main drainage of CSF in the brain

located in dura mater

dural sinus

28

endochrine gland connected to hypothalmus via infundibulum

located in sella turcica

master gland

excretes 6 hormones

pituitary gland

29

no valves

veins in brain vs rest of body

30

marks junction between the larynx and the trachea

cricoid cartilage

31

cusion between bone and tendon

bursa

32

cup structure in shoulder

deepens joint to hold femoral head in place

glenoid labrum

33

flaplike cartilage keeps food from entering the trachea

epiglottis

34

Naso

Oro

Laryngo

3 parts of the pharynx

35

1.cervical(c1-c4 to face, scalp, phrenic nerve)

2.brachial(c5-t1, follows subclavian, by mastoid muscle)

3.lumbar(t12-l4, posterior abdominal wall, moves thigh, by psoas, femoral nerve)

3.sacral(buttock to feet, sciatic nerve)

4 nerve plexuses

31 pair of nerve roots(8 for cervical, 12 for thoracic, 5 for lumbar, 5 for sacrum, 1 coccyx)

36

1. IVC/SVC to

2. right atrium to

3. tricuspid valve or right AV to

4. right ventricle to

5. pulmonary semi lunar valve

6. pulmonary artery to

7. lungs to

blood circulation through heart----de-oxygenated

37

7. pulmonary veins to

8. left atrium to

9. bicuspid or mitral valve or left AV to

10. left ventricle to

11. aortic semi lunar valve to

12. aorta

blood circulation through heart---oxygenated

38

common hepatic artery

Left gastric artery

Splenic artery

branches of the celiac trunk

39

1.outer part of spinal cord

mylenated sheath

transmits impulses to muscles

2. internal part of spinal cord

nerves run through it

looks like butterfly

1. white matter

2. gray matter

these are opposite of brain

40

frontal lobe

personality, behavior speech

41

parietal lobe

sensatoin

42

occipitol lobe

sight

43

temporal lobe

hearing smell language

44

bloodbrain barrier

does not allow certain molecules to pass, keeping out pathogens contrast will not pass

45

runs entire anterior surface of all vertebral bodies to sacrum

thick broad ligament

Anterior longitudinal ligament

46

runs length of spin on anterior inner surface of the vertebral foramen

attaches at disk spaces

thin fibrous

posterior longitudinal ligament

47

number of vertebrae

7 cervical

12 thoracic

5 lumbar

5 sacral (fused)

4 coccyx (fused)

48

important part of immune system

filter foreign particles

drain through lmphatic vessels

located along major vessels

lymph nodes

49

Supraspinatus

infraspinatis

teres minor

subscapularis

muscles of the rotator cuff

50

connects from the acetablum to the femoral head

allows blood flow to femoral head

ligamentum teres

51

indent on femoral head to allow connection of ligamentum teres

fovia capitis

52

"knee cap"

protects knee joint from damage

provides hinge surface for quadriceps tendon

patella

53

place on an organ that is the passage for vessels

hilum

54

right

left

caudate

quadrate

lobes of the liver

55

celiac trunk

superior mesenteric artery (SMA)

right/left renal arteries

right/left gonadal arteries

inferior mesenteric artery

main branches off of abdominal aorta

56

cavel

esophogeal

aortic

hiatus through diaphragm

57

cavel hiatus

IVC passes

58

esophogeal hiatus

esophogus passes

59

aortic hiatus

AO passes

60

largest accesory gland in the male reproductive system

prostate gland

61

largest muscle of the pelvic floor/diaphragm

levator ani

62

median cubital vein

common site for IV starts