Chapter 9_10 Test Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9_10 Test Review Deck (42):
1

attachment point for quadriceps tendon and patella ligament

protects the anterior surface of the knee joint

increases leverage of the quadriceps extensor system

patella

2

femur

patella

tibia

fibula

bones of the knee joint

3

lateral

medial

c shaped cartilage

protect articulation surfaces of the tibia/femur

menisci

4

holds anterior horns of menisci in place 

transverse ligament of the knee

5

strengthen knee joint

provide stability of knee joint

 

 

ligament function in the knee

6

medially fuses with the medial menicus

lateral connects the femur and the fibula

 

collateral ligaments

7

thick strong band 

continuation of the quadriceps tendon

from patella to tibial tuberosity

patellar ligament

8

internal ligament 

prevents hyperextension and anterior displacement of tibia

connects the medial intercondylar surface to the posterior medial surface of the lateral femoral condyle

Anterior Cruciate Ligament

ACL

9

internal ligament

prevents hyperflexion and posterior displacement of the tibia

connects posterior aspect of intercondylar eminence to anteromedial surface of the medial femoral condyle

Posterior Cruciate ligament

PCL

10

fibrous sheath stretching between the ulna/radius

tibia/fibula

stabilizes connection between ulna/radius_tibia/fibula

 

interosseous ligament/membrane

11

provide flexibility when weight bearing

lateral longitudinal

medial longitudinal

transverse

arches of the foot

12

flatter arch 

less flex

lateral longitudinal arch

13

distal row of metatarsils

major weight bearing arch

transverse

14

more elastic

greater curvature

medial longitudinal arch

15

approx 80 layers thick (thickest fascia surface in body)

begins inferior aspect of calcaneus spreads anteriorly into five slips that create the fibrous flexor sheaths of the toes

important in maintaining the longitudinal arch of the foot

plantar fascia

16

provides medial support

stongest ligament in the ankle joint

deltoid ligament

17

triangular band of fibers from sustentaculum tali to posterior surface of the navicular bone

important ligament in maintaing the longitudinal arch of the foot

plantar ligament

18

pit on femur head where ligamentum teres attaches

allows blood flow to head of femur

fovea capitis

19

connects from fovea capitis to the acetabulum fossa

provides blood flow to the head of the femur

ligamentum teres

20

raised ridge on the proximal posterior end of the femur shaft

provides attachment for muscles of the posterior and medial thigh

linea aspera

21

creates a fibrocartilaginous rim attached to the margin of the acetabulum

closely surrounds the femur head helping to hol dit in place

deepens the acetabulum fossa

acetabulum labrum

22

reinforces the inferior margin of the acetabulum

portion of the acetabular labrum that spans the acetabular notch

transverse acetabular ligament

23

strong fibrous dense capsule encloses the hip joint

contains circular and longitudinal fibers

articular capsule of the hip

24

form the zona orbicularis

a sling or collar around the femoral neck that holds the femoral head in the acetabulum

circular fibers

25

the retinacula

most abundant at the superoanterior portion of the hip joint capsule

contain blood vessels that supply the head and neck of the femur

reinforced by bands or accessory ligaments.

longitudinal fibers in the hip joint

26

maximus: largest most superficial

medias: lateral and upper buttock

minimus: smallest, covered by medias

gluteal muscles

27

muscles of anterior thigh

extensors

quadriceps

28

muscles of the medial thigh

adductor group

29

muscles of the posterior thigh

flexors

hamstrings

30

forms deep cuff attached to rim or glenoid fossa

thick fibrous

 

glenoid labrum

31

large muscle that blankets shoulder

tendon blends with glendoid labrum

deltoid muscle

32

subscapularis

supraspinatus

infraspinatus

teres minor

muscles of the scapula

33

provides dynamic stability to the shoulder joint

allos for adduction, abduction and rotation of the humerus

 

rotator cuff

34

glenoid labrum

glenohumeral

coraco

acromio

transvers humeral

ligaments of the shoulder

35

fibrous ring that encircules the radial head

narrow portion tightens around radial neck to prevent inferior displacement of radius

anular ligament

36

passes over the patella becoming the patellar ligament

quadriceps tendon

37

forms from the quadriseps tendon

attaches to the tibial tuberoscity

patellar ligament

38

located on the posterior surface of the humerus

main extensor muscle of the forearm

triceps brachii muscle

39

located on the anterior surface of the humerus

main flexor muscle of the forearm

biceps brachii

40

canal contains blood vessels, fat and interosseous talocalcaneal ligament

tarsal canal

41

triangular band of fibers that arise from sustentaculum tali and attach to the posterior surcase of the navicular bone

maintain the longitudinal arch of the foot

spring ligament

42

largets and most powerful in the body

arises from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles

attaches to the calcaneal tuberosity

achilles tendon