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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (35):
0

What is a bicameral legislature?

Means 2 houses

1

What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?

Republic

2

What was America’s 1st constitution?

The Articles of Confederation

3

When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?

Nov. 1777

4

How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?

One vote

5

Why was the AoC unsuccessful?

Because the gov't it provides was not strong enough to handle all of the problems of the country

6

What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?

Northwest Ordinance

7

The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.

Bill and Right

8

The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

9

What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th state in America?

The State of Franklin

10

What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?

1796 and 16th

11

What is a depression?

Slow economic activity and high unemployment

12

What was Shays’ Rebellion?

Was a uprising by Massachusetts farmers to fight the gov't taxes on poor farmers

13

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

Virginia and New Jersey Plan

14

What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?

The Great Compromise

15

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

Allowed southern states to count slaves as 3/5 of a free person for representation

16

Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

House of Representatives

17

What was a Federalist?

Were people that supported the constitution

18

What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?

The Federalist Papers

19

What is an amendment?

Changes to the constitution

20

What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States

9 out of 13

21

What is the supreme law of the land?

The constitution

22

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

The constitution

23

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?

John Locke

24

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?

Federal System

25

What is the final authority in a federal system?

The constitution

26

What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?

Legislative, Executive, Judicial Branch

27

Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

Legislative

28

Which branch carries out the laws?

Executive

29

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)

A president

30

What power does the President have to check Congress?

The veto powers

31

Who elects the President of the United States?

Electoral College

32

Which branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?

Judicial

33

What is the most distinctive feature of our gov’t?

The separation of powers

34

Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?

To keep one branch from gaining too much power