Chapter 8 - Examples of Synovial Joints - Knee Joints Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Examples of Synovial Joints - Knee Joints Deck (19)
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1

The knee joint is the largest and most complex of the ____ joints

Synovial

2

The knee joint consists of the ____ and ____ condyles at the distal end of the femur and the ____ and ____ condyles at the proximal end of the tibia.

Medial and lateral

3

The ____ articulates anteriorly with the patella.

Femur

4

The ligaments associated with the joint capsule that help keep the articulating surfaces of the knee joint in contact include

The patellar ligament, oblique popliteal ligament, arcuate popliteal ligament, tibial collateral ligament, and fibular collateral ligament

5

The ligament that is a continuation of a tendon from a large muscle group in the thigh

Patellar ligament

6

The ligament that connects the lateral condyle of the femur to the margin of the head of the tibia

Oblique popliteal ligament

7

The ligament that appears as a Y-shaped system of fibers that extends from the lateral condyle of the femur to the head of the fibular

Arcuate popliteal ligament

8

The ligament that is a broad, flat band of tissue that connects the medial condyle of the femur to the medial condyle of the tibia

Tibial collateral ligament

9

The ligament that consists of a strong, round cord located between the lateral condyle of the femur and the head of the fibula

Fibular collateral ligament

10

Ligaments in the knee joint that help prevent displacement of the articulating surfaces

Cruciate ligaments

11

Strong bands of fibrous tissue that stretch upward and cross between the tibia and the femur

Cruciate ligaments

12

Cruciate ligaments are named for their positions of attachment to the

Tibia

13

The anterior cruciate ligament originates from the

Anterior intercondylar area of the tibia, and extends to the lateral condyle of the femur

14

The posterior cruciate ligament connects the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia to the

Medial condyle of the femur

15

Two fibrocartilaginous ____ separate the articulating surfaces of the femur and tibia and help align them

Menisci

16

Several bursae are associated with the knee joint. These include...

Suprapatellar bursa, prepatellar bursa, and infrapatellar bursa

17

A large extension of the knee joint cavity, located between the anterior surface of the distal end of the femur and the muscle group above it

Suprapatellar bursa

18

A large bursa between the patella and the skin

Prepatellar bursa

19

A small bursa between the proximal end of the tibia and the patellar ligament

Infrapatellar bursa