Chapter 8 - Joints of the Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

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1

Articulations

Joints

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Classified structurally by the type of tissue that binds the bones at each junction

Joints

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Can also be grouped functionally according to the degree of movement possible at the bony junctions

Joints

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Synarthrotic joints

Immovable joints

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Slightly movable joints

Amphiarthrotic

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Freely movable joints

Diarthrotic

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How are joints classified

Structurally or functionally

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What is a joint?

A functional junction between bones

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What is the most commonly used joint classification?

Structural

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Joint: Skull, Type:

Suture, fibrous

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Joint: Temporomandibular, Type:

Modified hinge, synovial

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Joint: Atlanto-occipital, Type:

Condylar, synovial

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Joint: Atlantoaxial, Type:

Pivot, synovial

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Joint: Intervertebral, Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Sacroiliac, Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Vertebrocostal, Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Sternoclavicular, Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Sternocostal, sternum and rib 1; Type:

Synchondrosis, cartilaginous

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Joint: Sternocostal, sternum and ribs 2-7; Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Acromioclavicular, Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Shoulder, Type:

Ball-and-socket, synovial

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Joint: Elbow (humero-ulnar), Type:

Hinge, synovial

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Joint: Elbow (humeroradial), Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Proximal radioulnar, Type:

Pivot, synovial

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Joint: Distal radioulnar, Type:

Pivot, synovial

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Joint: Wrist (radiocarpal), Type:

Condylar, synovial

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Joint: Intercarpal, Type:

Plane, synovial

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Joint: Carpometacarpal, carpal and metacarpal 1; Type:

Saddle, synovial

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Joint: Carpometacarpal, carpals and metacarpals 2-5; Type:

Condylar, synovial

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Joint: Interphalangeal, Type:

Hinge, synovial