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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (178)
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2

The process of turning molecules that are ingested into forms that are compatible with an organism is...

Assimilation

3

The wrist is the most _____ part of the hand region.

Proximal

4

A _____ section divides the body into right and left.

Saggital

5

The forearm is a/an _____ area.

Antebrachial

6

All organisms share a set of basic requirements. These include all of the following, with the exception of _____________, which is not required by all organisms, even if it is present in many. Carbon dioxide, oxygen, pressure, food and water

Carbon dioxide

7

Choose the example from the list below that operates by positive feedback. (A) Blood pressure that has dropped too low is caused to increase; (B) A baby suckling at the breast stimulates greater milk production; (C) Maintenance of a constant body temperature is accomplished through sweating or shivering; (D) Regulation of glucose levels in the blood requires the actions of two pancreatic hormones, insulin, and glucagon.

B

8

Which of the following is the most complex level of organization? (A) Organ system, (B) macromolecule, (C) organ, (D) organelle.

A

9

Skin or bone is an example of what level of organization?

Organ

10

Which term refers to the back of the knee?

Popliteal

11

The structures called _____ are intracellular areas with specific living functions.

Organelles

12

Simple squamous epithelium is a/an _____ term.

Tissue

13

Which of the following does not apply to the dorsal cavity? (A) Brain, (B) vertebral canal, (C) spinal cord, (D) stomach

D

14

Another name for the cavity in the front or belly side is _____.

Ventral

15

The following are sinus areas except which one? (A) Frontal, (B) maxillary, (C) ethmoid, (D) cranial

D

16

The _____ system plays a role in moving fluids, wastes, and bones?

Muscular

17

Integration and coordination are properties of the _____ system of organs.

Nervous

18

The _____ system returns tissue fluids to the heart.

Lymphatic

19

The following are components of the excretory system except which one? (A) Lungs, (B) large intestine, (C) integument, (D) salivary glands

D

20

A tumor on top of the head would be on the _____ surface.

Superior

21

Which of the following is the same as inguinal? (A) Epigastric, (B) hypochondriac, (C) lumbar, (D) iliac

D

22

The lower ribs are located in the _____ region.

Hypochondriac

23

The central abdominal area is the _____ region.

Umbilical

24

A _____ fracture occurred in the elbow area.

Cubital

25

Buccal refers to the _____.

Cheeks

26

A _____ fracture occurred in the hip area.

Coxal

27

A mental tumor could be one in the _____.

Lower jaw

28

The lungs are covered by a membrane called the _______________.

Visceral pleura

29

Which of the following terms means the same as ventral in humans? (A) Dorsal, (B) posterior, (C) medial, (D) anterior

D

30

Which of the following terms cannot be properly paired? (A) Cranial, skull; (B) frontal, forehead; (C) nasal, buccal; (D) orbital, eyes

C

31

Costal refers to ____.

Ribs