Chapter 8 pt1: Head and Neck Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 pt1: Head and Neck Deck (374)
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1

-cranial cavity
-2 ears
-2 orbits
-2 nasal cavities
-oral cavity
-air filled paranasal sinuses
-hard and soft palates

head and neck

2

continuous with the nasal cavity

air filled paranasal sinuses

3

separate the nasal and oral cavities

hard and soft palates

4

-posterior to upper jaw
-acts as a conduit for the mandibular nerve between cranial and oral cavities

infratemporal fossa

5

-just posterior to upper jaw

-communicates with: cranial cavity, infratemporal fossa, the orbit, nasal and oral cavities

Pterygopalatine fossa

6

passes through the pterygopalatine fossa

maxillary nerve

7

contains unique muscles that move the skin relative to underlying bone

the face

8

also open and close openings to orbits and oral cavities

face muscles

9

covers the superior, posterior, and lateral regions of the head

scalp

10

extends between the head and thorax

neck

11

extends higher than the anterior neck

posterior neck

12

is made up by the top of the sternum, clavicle, and acromion

inferior border of the neck

13

what are the 4 major compartments of the neck?

-vertebral
-visceral
-two vascular

14

houses musculoskeletal elements

vertebral compartment of neck

15

houses glands and structures associated with the respiratory and digestive systems

visceral compartment of the neck

16

house major blood vessels and vagus nerve

two vascular compartments of the neck

17

-are specialized structures associated with the respiratory and digestive tracts
-are joined by the laryngeal inlet

larynx and pharynx

18

connects the esophagus to the oral and nasal cavities

pharynx

19

joins the trachea to the pharynx

larynx

20

connected by sutures

most bones of the skull

21

fibrous immovable joints

sutures

22

found on each side of the head

3 pairs of synovial joints

23

synovial joints on each side of the head

The temporomandibular joint and 2 between the 3 inner ear bones

24

-are large unossified gaps between bones
-fetuses and newborns have them

fontanelles

25

are modified for moving the head

CI and CII

26

form the boney framework of the neck

the 7 cervical vertebrae

27

have posterior and anterior tubercles on their transverse processes

cervical vertebrae

28

-is small and U-shaped bone, found just superior to the larynx

-free floating and attaches the floor of the mouth, larynx, and pharynx

hyoid

29

forms the base of the U of hyoid bone

the body

30

form the arms of the hyoid bone

the greater horns