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Flashcards in The Upper Limb Deck (560)
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1

associated with the lateral side of the neck and thoracic wall

the upper limb

2

composed of the shoulder, arm, forearm, and hand

the upper limb

3

what is the upper limb attached to the body by?

by muscles and by a small skeletal attachment at the sternoclavicular joint

4

significant transitions between the different parts of the limb

The axilla, cubital fossa, and carpal tunnel

5

irregularly shaped triangle formed by muscles and bones of the shoulder and the lateral surface of the thoracic wall

Axilla

6

triangular shaped depression formed by muscles anterior to the elbow

cubital fossa

7

-the gateway to the palm
-Formed by carpal bones and flexor retinaculum

carpel tunnel

8

used for positioning the hand in space

the upper limb

9

changes the position of the glenohumeral joint

Movement of the scapula on the thoracic wall

10

protraction and retraction

sliding

11

abduction and adduction

rotating

12

can move in 3 axes

glenohumeral joint

13

what are the movements at the glenohumeral joint?

-flexion
-extension
-adduction
-abduction
-medial rotation
-lateral rotation
-circumduction

14

major movements of the elbow

flexion and extension

15

supinated or pronated by flipping the radius over the ulna at the distal end

the forearm

16

what are the movements of the wrist?

-abduction
-adducted
-flexed
-extended
-circumducted

17

allow the hand to be put into a wide range of positions

The combined movements of the shoulder, arm, and forearm

18

used to grip and manipulate objects generally by flexing fingers against the thumb

the hand

19

pads of the palmer aspect of the hand have a high density of somatic sensory receptors

the hand as a sensory tool

20

consist of the scapula, clavicle, and the proximal end of the humerus

bones of the shoulder

21

articulates medially with the manubrium and laterally with the acromion of the scapula

the clavicle

22

-the bone of the arm

-the distal end forms the elbow joint (hinge joint) with the bones of the forearm

the humerus

23

-the bones of the forearm

-the distal ends form the wrist

The radius (lateral) and ulna (medial)

24

make up the bones of the hand

The carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges

25

movement between which bones is limited?

the 8 carpal bones is limited, thus they work as a unit

26

the primary skeletal foundation of the palm

The 5 metacarpals

27

has greater mobility than the other carpometacarpal joints

The joint of the thumb

28

saddle joint

the thumb joint

29

lacks a ligamentous connection to the neighboring metacarpal of the index finger

the metacarpel of the thumb

30

are distally connected via strong ligaments

Metacarpals II-V