Flashcards in Chapter 8: Securing Information Systems Deck (67)
Acceptable Use Policy (AUP)
Defines acceptable uses of the firm's information resources and computing equipment, including desktop and laptop computers, wireless devices, telephones, and the Internet, and specifies consequences for noncompliance.
Software designed to detect, and often eliminate, computer viruses from an information system.
Specific controls unique to each computerized application that ensure that only authorized data are completely and accurately processed by that application.
The ability of each party in a transaction to ascertain the identity of the other party.
Technology for authenticating system users that compares a person's unique characteristics such as fingerprints, face or retinal image, against a stored set profile of these characteristics.
A group of computers that have been infected with bot malware without users' knowledge, enabling a hacker to use the amassed resources of the computers to launch distributed denial-of-service attacks, phishing campaigns or spam.
Software program code defects.
Business Continuity Planning
Planning that focuses on how the company can restore business operations after a disaster strikes.
Fraudulently clicking on an online ad in pay per click advertising to generate an improper charge per click.
The commission of illegal acts through the use of a computer or against a computer system.
The scientific collection, examination, authentication, preservation, and analysis of data held on or retrieved from computer storage media in such a way that the information can be used as evidence in a court of law.
Rogue software programs that attaches itself to other software programs or data files in order to be executed, often causing hardware and software malfunctions.
All of the methods, policies, and procedures that ensure protection of the organization's assets, accuracy and reliability of its records, and operational adherence to management standards.
Intentional disruption, defacement, or destruction of a Web site or corporate information system.
State-sponsored activity designed to cripple and defeat another state or nation by damaging or disrupting its computers or networks.
Deep Packet Inspection (DPI)
Technology for managing network traffic by examining data packets, sorting out low-priority data from higher priority business-critical data, and sending packets in order of priority.
Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attack
Flooding a network server or Web server with false communications or requests for services in order too crash the network.
An attachment to an electronic message to verify the identity of the sender and to provide the receiver with the means to encode a reply.
Disaster Recovery Planning
Planning for the restoration of computing and communications services after they have been disrupted.
Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) Attack
Numerous computers inundating and overwhelming a network from numerous launch points.
Period of time in which an information system is not operational.
Malware that comes with a downloaded file a user intentionally or unintentionally requests.
The coding and scrambling of messages to prevent their being read or accessed without authorization.
Wireless networks that pretend to be legitimate to entice participants to log on and reveal passwords or credit card numbers.
Fault-Tolerant Computer Systems
Systems that contain extra hardware, software, and power supply components that can back a system up and keep it running to prevent system failure.
Hardware and software placed between an organization's internal network and an external network to prevent outsiders from invading private networks.
Overal control environment governing the design, security, and use of computer programs and the security of data files in general throughout the organization's information technology infrastructure.
Requires financial institutions to ensure the security and confidentiality of customer data.
A person who gains unauthorized access to a computer network for profit, criminal mischief, or personal pleasure.