Flashcards in Chapter 8 - The skeletal system Deck (27)
The skeleton is the framework that gives the body its shape
The skeleton has a number of important functions, these include
Support, Protection, Movement, Mineral Storage and Production of blood cells
Good Way To Remember Functions
It gives the body shape and supports the soft tissues of the body, some of which are attached to the skeleton, e.g. muscles, tendons.
Some skeletal bones provide protection to the internal organs by enclosing them and protecting them from injury, e.g. the ribcage protects the heart and lungs, the skull protects the brain and the vertebrae protect the spinal cord.
Muscles are attached to bones, so when they contract they cause bones to move
Calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) are stored in bone. They can be released into the bloodstream when needed.
Production of blood cells
Red blood cells are produced in bone marrow
Structure of bone (5)
Joint, Cartilage, Spongy Bone, Medullary Cavity, Compact bone
Good Way to Rememember Bone Structure
Composition of bone
Both Organic and Inorganic
One of Main organic components (bone)
A form of protein that is mainly found in connective tissues such as tendons, ligaments, and cartilage in addition to bone.
Not found in plants
Inorganic component (bone)
Consists of bone minerals such as calcium (Ca)
Connective Tissue in the animal's body has a number of functions
Connective Tissue Provides
Connective Tissue Provides support and protection, stores fat, forms blood cells and binds structures together
Connective tissue types (in mammalian body)
Loose Connective Tissue, Fribrous connective tissue and muscular tissue.
A loose type of connective tissue. Its main function is to store fat. It is also used for insulation. It is found beneath the skin and around internal organs such as the kidneys
Connect muscle to bone. They are inelastic fibres consisting of collagen. Due to the attachment of a muscle to a bone via a tendon, when a muscle contracts the bone moves with it.
Another connective tissue consisting of fibres of collagen. Ligaments connect two bones together at a joint. They are slightly elastic, allowing the joints to move, while at the same time controlling the range of movement of the joints.
Acoounts for approximately 40% of the body's total weight. When muscles contract (or shorten), they cause movement in the body. Some muscle, known as skeletal muscle, is attached to bone.
There are three muscle types in the body: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle and cardiac muscle.Each has its own characteristic, location and function.
This type of muscle is attached to the bones of the skeleton. It is also found in the diaphragm and between the ribs. It is a voluntary muscle that is under conscious control, i.e. it does not move of its own accord. One of its main functions is for movement and breathing. In the mammalian body, skeletal muscle assists the movement of the legs.
This type of muscle is found in the internal organs, such as the digestive system, the blood vessels and the reproductive system. It is an involuntary muscle that moves independantly. Some of its functions include the movement of food through the alimentary canal (oesophagus), which is known as peristalisis, and dilation of the cervix during birth.