Plant And Animal Identification Flashcards Preview

Agricultural Science - Leaving Cert 2018 > Plant And Animal Identification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Plant And Animal Identification Deck (27)
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1

Name the plant families.

Family Gramineae
Family Compositae
Family Cruciferae
Family Leguminosae
Family Polygonaceae
Family Ranunculaceae
Family Umbelliferae
Family Urticaceae
Family Rosaceae
Family Plantaginaceae
Family Solanaceae
Family Chenopodiaceae

2

What plants does the Family Gramineae contain?

Family Gramineae contains productive perennial ryegrass and cereal crops (maize, wheat, barley and oats).

3

What are all members of the Family Gramineae?

All members of the family Gramineae are monocots.

4

What is the grass flower composed of in family gramineae?

The grass flower is composed of many florets (small flowers) contained on a structure called the spikelet.

5

What important agricultural species belong to family gramineae?

Many important agricultural species belong to family gramineae, including perennial ryegrass, barley, wheat, maize and oats.

6

Give 4 Examples of members of the gramineae family.

Perennial ryegrass, cocksfoot, wild oats and barley.

7

What are the flower heads in plants in family compositae composed of?

The flower heads of the plants in the family compositae are composed of many individual flowers that all share the same receptacle.

8

In family compositae, the individual flowers are what?

In family compositae, the individual flowers are so densely arranged that they resemble a single flower.

9

How to members of the compositae family disperse their seeds?

Members of the compositae family use wind dispersal to disperse their seeds.

10

Give Examples of members of the family compositae.

Plants in the compositae family include ragwort, dandelion and daisy.

11

In the family cruciferae, members of this family produce what?

Members of the family compositae produce a flower with small petals in the shape of a cross.

12

What important agricultural crops does the family cruciferae contain?

The family cruciferae includes a number of important agricultural crops, such as turnips, oilseed rape, kale and cabbage.

13

What are the common weeds of the family cruciferae.

The common weeds of the family cruciferae include charlock (wild turnip), shepherd's purse and lady's smock.

14

Name a kale variety ( to do with example of family cruciferae )

Kale variety Maris Kestral.

15

Name two agriculturally important plants in family leguminosae.

Red clover and white clover.

16

What relationship does the members of the family leguminosae have with what bacteria?

Red Clover and White Clover have a symbiotic relationship with the bacteria Rhizobium, which lives in the root nodules of these plants.

17

In the family leguminosae, rhizobium has the ability to fix what?

Rhizobium has the ability to fix nitrogen into nitrates for plant use.

18

Give two examples of members of the family leguminosae.

Red clover and white clover.

19

What are the main species of docks in Family Polygonaceae?

The two main species of docks in family polygonaceae are the curled dock and the broadleaf dock.

20

Name four members of the family Ranunculaceae.

Creeping buttercup, meadow buttercup and lesser celandine are all members of the family ranunculaceae.

21

How can the members of the family ranunculaceae be identified?

The members of the family ranunculaceae can be identified by their big yellow flowers and the different shapes of their leaves.

22

In family umbelliferae, what does the inflorescence of the members of this family cocsist of?

In family umbelliferae, the members of this family consist of a number of short stalks with small white flowers that originate from the same point.

23

Name members of the family umbelliferae

Members of the umbelliferae family include cow parsley, commonly found in hedgerows, and crops such as carrots, parsnips and parsley.

24

Name a member of the family urticacae

The common nettle is a member of this family

25

In the family urticaceae, where are male and female flowers?

In the family urticaceae, male and female flowers are on separate plants.

26

In the family rosaceae, what is produced?

In the family rosaceae, large flowers with five petals and sepals are produced.

27

Give members of the family rosaceae.

Hawthorn, blackthorn, and silver weed.