Chapter 8 - Vocab & Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Vocab & Terms Deck (87)
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Adnexae uteri

Fallopian tubes, ovaries and supporting ligaments

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Amnion

Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus

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Areola

Dark pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

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Bartholin glands

Small mucus secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice

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Cervix

Lower, neck like portion of the uterus

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Chorion

Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; forms part of the fetal placenta

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Clitoris

Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra

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Coitus

Sexual intercourse - copulation

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Corpus luteum

Empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after the release of an egg cell

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Cul-de-sac

Region of the lower abdomen, midway between rectum and uterus

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Embryo

Stage in prenatal development for 2-8 weeks

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Endometrium

Inner mucous membrane lining of the uterus

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Estrogen

Hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics

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Fallopian tube

One of a pair of ducts through which the egg travels to the uterus

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Fertilization

Union of a sperm cell and egg from which an embryo develops

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Fetus

Stage in prenatal development from 8-39 or 40 weeks

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Fimbriae

Finger/fringe-like projections at the end of the Fallopian tubes

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Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate the maturation of the egg cell

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Gamete

Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm or ovum

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Genitalia

Reproductive organs AKA genitals

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Gestation

Period from fertilization of egg to birth

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Gonad

Female (ovary) or male (testis) reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones

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Gynecology

Study of the female reproductive organs including breasts

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Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

Hormone produce by placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone

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Hymen

Mucous membrane partially or completely coverings the opening to the vagina

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Labia

Lips of the vagina; labia majora and labia minora

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Lactiferous ducts

Tubes that carry milk within the breast

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Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation

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Mammary papilla

Nipple of the breast

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Menarche

Beginning of the first menstrual cycle and ability to reproduce