Chapter 8 - Vocab & Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Vocab & Terms Deck (87)
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Adnexae uteri

Fallopian tubes, ovaries and supporting ligaments

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Amnion

Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus

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Areola

Dark pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

3

Bartholin glands

Small mucus secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice

4

Cervix

Lower, neck like portion of the uterus

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Chorion

Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; forms part of the fetal placenta

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Clitoris

Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra

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Coitus

Sexual intercourse - copulation

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Corpus luteum

Empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after the release of an egg cell

9

Cul-de-sac

Region of the lower abdomen, midway between rectum and uterus

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Embryo

Stage in prenatal development for 2-8 weeks

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Endometrium

Inner mucous membrane lining of the uterus

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Estrogen

Hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics

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Fallopian tube

One of a pair of ducts through which the egg travels to the uterus

14

Fertilization

Union of a sperm cell and egg from which an embryo develops

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Fetus

Stage in prenatal development from 8-39 or 40 weeks

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Fimbriae

Finger/fringe-like projections at the end of the Fallopian tubes

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Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate the maturation of the egg cell

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Gamete

Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm or ovum

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Genitalia

Reproductive organs AKA genitals

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Gestation

Period from fertilization of egg to birth

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Gonad

Female (ovary) or male (testis) reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones

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Gynecology

Study of the female reproductive organs including breasts

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Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

Hormone produce by placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone

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Hymen

Mucous membrane partially or completely coverings the opening to the vagina

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Labia

Lips of the vagina; labia majora and labia minora

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Lactiferous ducts

Tubes that carry milk within the breast

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Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation

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Mammary papilla

Nipple of the breast

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Menarche

Beginning of the first menstrual cycle and ability to reproduce

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Menopause

Gradual ending of menstruation

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Menstruation

Monthly shedding of uterine lining

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Myometrium

Muscle layer of the uterus

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Neonatology

Branch of medicine that studies disorders and care of newborns

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Obstetrics

Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

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Orifice

An opening

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Ovarian follicle

Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary

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Ovary

One of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis; about the size of walnuts and produce egg cells and hormones

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Ovulation

Release of the egg from the ovary

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Ovum

Mature egg cell; develops from immature egg cells called oocytes

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Parturition

Act of giving birth

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Perineum

Area between the anus and vagina

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Pituitary gland

Endocrine gland at base of brain; produces hormones that stimulate ovaries

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Placenta

Vascular organ attached to uterine wall during pregnancy; permits exchange of oxygen, nutrients and fetal waste products between mother and child

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Pregnancy

Condition in a female of having developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks

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Progesterone

Hormone produced by corpus luteum in ovary and placenta of pregnant women

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Puberty

Point in life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced

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Uterine serosa

Outermost layer surrounding the uterus

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Uterus

Hollow, pear shaped muscular female
Organ in which the embryo and fetus develop; menstruation occurs here

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Vagina

Muscular, mucosa lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body

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Vulva

External female genitalia; includes labia, hymen, clitoris and vaginal orifice

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Zygote

Stage in prenatal development fem fertilization and implantation up to 2 weeks

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Amni/o

Amnion

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Bartholin/o

Bartholin gland

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Cervic/o

Cervix, neck

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Chori/o
Chorion/o

Chorion

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Colp/o

Vagina

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Culd/o

Cul-de-sac

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Episi/o

Vulva

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Galact/o
Lact/o

Milk

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Gynec/o

Woman, female

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Hyster/o

Uterus, womb

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Mamm/o
Mast/o

Breast

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Men/o

Menses, menstruation

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Metr/o
Metri/o

Uterus

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My/o
Myom/o

Muscle, muscle tumor

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Nat/i

Birth

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Obstetr/o

Pregnancy and childbirth

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O/o
Ov/o
Ovul/o

Egg

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Oophor/o
Ovari/o

Ovary

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Perine/o

Perineum

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Phor/o

To bear

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Salping/o

Fallopian tube

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Uter/o

Uterus

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Vagin/o

Vagina

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Vulv/o

Vulva

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-arche

Beginning

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-cyesis

Pregnancy

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-gravida

Pregnant

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-parous

Bearing, bringing forth

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-salpinx

Fallopian tube

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-tocia

Labor, birth

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-version

Act of turning

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Intra-

Within

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Multi-

Many

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Nulli-

No, not, none

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Primi-

First