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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (51)
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1

who was the horse's owner?

Mr. Von Osten

2

what did he want to prove?( horses owner)

animals and humans have similar mental processes, but animals are not trained properly

3

what investigation of the horses ability took place?

horses ability with math and hoof stomping

4

what did a grad student discover( Pfungst)

Hans was responding to cues from the questionnaire

5

who was clever Hans?

A horse

6

what schedule of reinforcement did he learn on?

partial reinforcement

7

why is this significant ?

it marks a change in focus from animal consciousness ----animal behavior

8

introspection by analogy --- to what?

objective experimentation

9

Thorndike transitioned between what?

functionalism---- behaviorism

10

what was Thorndike's focus

learning theory

11

Thorndike was the first to use what as a dissertation?

Animals

12

Thorndike's puzzle box worked with?

kitty cats

13

what did he do to the kitty cats?

trapped them is a box...

14

what was the only way for them to get out?

has to trip a switch to get out

15

what type of measurement did he use for wrong behaviors?

quantitative ( time needed to escape the box)

16

Thorndike's theory of learning? 3 things?

learning occurs incrementally
through trial and error
learning can occur automatically

17

Connectionism

Thorndike's word for learning

18

what was the association between stimuli and response?

stimuli and response ( condition and behavior)

19

What did Thorndike believe?

only used/ adaptive behaviors are selected

20

what does learning occur without ?

ideation (ideas purpose)

21

What terminology did Thorndike use in his Law of Effect

mentalistic terminology

22

what is an example of Thorndike's law of effect and mentalistic terminology??

if you do something and you like the result you will remember what you did and how it turned out

23

what is more powerful in the law of effect?

reward is more powerful then repetition and punishment

24

what were Thorndike's contributions?

objective quantification
experimentation
learning theory
behavioral focus
mechanistic

25

who was Margaret washburn?

first PhD in psych
animal psych and sensory discrimination
introspection by analogy

26

what was Washburn's purpose ?

to understand animal consciousness through learning

27

What did Thorndike want to understand?

learning through learning

28

what is tropism ( Jaques Loeb)

involuntary forced movement . consciousness is not necessary

29

Ex. of tropism

plants grow toward the light they do this based on external stimuli

30

Charles Henry Turner was ???

First African American PhD in Zoology