Neo and socio behaviorism Flashcards Preview

history of psychology > Neo and socio behaviorism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neo and socio behaviorism Deck (34)
Loading flashcards...
1

what are the 3 stages of behaviorism

1913-1930: Watsonian behaviorism
1930-1960: Neobehaviorism
1960-present: Sociobehaviorism (neo-neobehaviorism) and the return to cognitive processes

2

what is positivism

emphasizes objective data and voids/minimizes theoretical speculation.

3

Logical positivism

divides science into 2 parts

4

empiricism and rationalism together

the empirical ( empirical observation) and
the theoretical (rationalism - theoretical terms used to explain that which was observed)

5

what was the problem with theoretical terms?

TOO abstract

6

Bridgman:

The Logic of Modern Physics
precise definition of all physical concepts;
concepts lacking physical referents must be discarded
contemporary use of operational definitions

7

what is a concept?

sam as the procedures by which it is determined

8

Operationism

abstract theoretical concepts are relevant but must be made objective, observable/measurable
( “hunger”)

9

operational definition

a physical concept can be defined in precise terms relating to the set of operations or procedures determined

10

what do operational definitions connect?

theoretical terms to observable phenomena

11

Theory

a set of interrelated propositions, a framework for predicting and explaining empirical events.

12

how is theory evaluated?

accuracy of its predictions

13

Neobehaviorism

1. Psychology should study learning
2. Most behavior can be accounted for by the laws of conditioning
3. psychology must adopt the principle of operationism

14

why are critters easier to use?

easier to control variables

15

what differs in critters

perceptual and learning processes

16

who was Edward Chace Toleman?

purposive behaviorism
in animals and men
mentalistic approach

17

what did Toleman have no interest in?

had no interest in any presumed internal experiences unless accessible to objective observation

18

Purposiveness

defined in objective behavioral terms 
behavior is directed toward some goal
Purpose is seen in the behavior itself

19

Later what did Toleman study?

purpose concept used to explain behavior, seen as a determinant of behavior and “inferred” by observers.

20

Purpose is seen as what?

being with the organism

21

what did Toleman come to believe?

cognitive processes were influential in determining behavior.

22

intervening variables

Variables that intervened between environmental events and behavior

23

how did Toleman view purpose and condition?

theoretical constructs used to predict and explain behavior

24

what does Toleman bring to psychology

Abstract Scientific theory

25

what did Toleman go beyond in?

the causes of behavior

26

To understand the behavior one has to know what?

environmental events and the internal, intervening events

27

what were Tolemans most important intervening variables?

Cognitive, mental in nature

28

Independent Variables

Environmental Events

29

Intervening Variables

theoretical constructs

30

Dependent Variables

Behavior