chapter four Flashcards Preview

human growth and development > chapter four > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter four Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1

overall physical growth

slower than infancy. between two and six children gain 4-5 pounds grow about three inches.

2

brain weight

3 years 75 percent adult weight 6 years 95 percent

3

prefrontal cortex

being able to think, make decisions, control your emotions

4

gross and fine motor skills

gross (run, jump) fine (coloring, drawing.)

5

sleep

children need lots of sleep. two year olds 15-16 hours while six year olds need 7-8

6

food consistency

children need consistency. they prefer the same food

7

malnutrition

solid foods, limit choices

8

pretend play

toys can help kids learn and have more uses. a teddy bear can be a baby

9

egocentrisim

children cant understand another persons point of view

10

animism

children attribute human qualities to objects

11

conservation

two glasses can have the same liquid but be different sizes. child doesn't understand liquid is the same amount

12

centration

focused on the center. if you put food in a smaller bowl the child will think they have less food. only centered on one aspect

13

classification

cant understand that an object can be classified in different ways

14

vygotskys social world

social interactions can impact a childs development

15

zone of proximal development

teacher helps a child be able to preform a task and eventually do it on their own

16

scaffolding

temporary support from parents or teachers

17

divided attention

the ability to focus between tasks

18

selective attention

focus on a single task

19

sustained attention

ability to stay on task for long periods of time

20

theory of mind

the ability to think about other peoples thoughts

21

vocabulary growth

vocabulary expands from 200 words to 10,000

22

fast mapping

connections between new and known words

23

bilingual

understand and use at least two languages

24

initiative vs guilt

kids want to take initiative. Encourage it, praise children and avoid being criticle

25

self concept and self esteem

self concept- physical descriptors according to different categories (internal and external) self esteem- judgment of who we are

26

authoritarian-

commanding. do it because i said so

27

authortative

good communication and reasoning, well adjusted children

28

uninvolved

disengaged

29

permissive

no rules

30

play

a way for children to develop their intellectual abilities,