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Flashcards in chapter nine late adulthood Deck (27)
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1

stitistics

mid sixties to death is the fastest growing age division in the united states population.

2

Life expectancy and Life span

should equal but don't always

3

which groups outlive the others?

Women have the highest and black men have the lowest. hispanic people have the highest expectancy with hispanic women being the highest of all groups.

4

young-old

good health and adaptability. less likely to be poor.

5

old-old

more physical issues

6

oldest-old

serious ailments. require help

7

centenarians

100 years or older. healthier than peers while growing older. rapid terminal decline later in life.

8

body changes of aging

heart muscles thicken, lung capacity diminishes, loss of lean tissue, loss of cells from muscles, liver, kidney, and other organs. Gain body fat.

9

height and weight changes of aging

lose 1-3 inches of height, gain and lose weight

10

sarcopenia

loss of muscle tissue

11

skin, hair, and nails changes of aging

wrinkles, dryness, cancer, sunspots, bruises easily, skin tags, hair loss, nails become thicker.

12

vision changes of aging

senses decline, cataracts (clouding), macular degeneration (loss of clarity), glaucoma (loss of peripheral vision)

13

taste and smell changes of aging

if smell declines so will taste. loss of smell is dangerous and might be a symptom of a medical condition.

14

pain changes of aging

less, sensitive to pain. Women have fewer opiate receptors in the brain so they are more likely to identify pain.

15

chronic conditions (ongoing)

appear slowly and not something you can overcome

16

brain

neurons continue to form. plasticity helps your brain adapt to aging.

17

scaffolding

adapts to neural atrophy. brain cells die and build connections.

18

sleep apnea

reduced breathing while sleeping

19

periodic limb movement

jerking and kicking in sleep

20

alzheimers

type of dementia, creeps up on you, brain changes, decline in thinking, memory changes, confusion, inability to take care of yourself without help, loss of communication, loss of ability to recognize loved ones

21

work and retirement

more older people are working. preretirement, retirement, , disenchantment, reorientation, post-retirement

22

ageism

age is not respected, people are prejudice towards older people, internalizing aging

23

triple jeopardy

being an older woman. dealing with ageism, sexism, and being a minority

24

integrity vs despair

questions ones life, accepting the meaning of temporary life

25

late adult lifestyles

marriage (most common) widow (more common in women) divorce (less likely) single

26

elder abuse

physical, sexual, psychological and emotional, financial and exploitation, neglect and abandonment

27

successful aging

avoiding disease, maintenance of functioning, selective optimization with compensation (making adjustments), active engagement