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Flashcards in midterm Deck (83)
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1

Non-normative life influences

unique experiences that may shape our development. A child who
loses his/her parent at a young age has experienced a life event that is not typical of
the age group.

2

Normative history-graded
influences

The time period in
which you are born
shapes your experiences.

3

A cohort is

a group of people who are born
at roughly the same period in a
particular society. (gen x, millennial) These people
travel through life often
experiencing similar circumstances.

4

• Normative age-graded influences

An age-grade is a specific age group, such as
toddler, adolescent, or senior. Humans in a specific age-grade share particular
experiences and developmental changes.

5

lifespan

lifelong from birth to death. how long a species can live.

6

lifespan development

is lifelong, multidirectional, miltidimensional, plastic (ability to change), multicontextual (shared experience and shared age groups)

7

Development is multidirectional

Humans change in many directions. We may show gains in
some areas of development, while showing losses in other areas. Every change, whether it is
finishing high school, getting married, or becoming a parent, entails both growth and loss.

8

Development is multidimensional

l. We change across three general domains/dimensions;
physical(height and weight), cognitive(intelligence, thinking, memory), and psychosocial(emotion, self perception, personal relationships).

9

life expectancy

predicted number of years a species will live.

10

chronological age

your age in number of years- birth date

11

biological age

how your body is aging

12

psychological age

cognitive and emotional compacity. you are as old as you feel.

13

social age

societal norms. what your culture expects of you.

14

Preformationism theory of development

Children were believed to
possess all their sensory capabilities, emotions, and mental
aptitude at birth, and as they developed these abilities unfolded
on a predetermined schedule

15

Locke (tabula rasa or
blank slate)

tabula rasa or blank slate. Influenced by our environment. early life is very important.

16

Rousseau's theory on development

children are not adults. children should think freely and develop naturally.

17

Freud's theory of development

emphasized the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping our personality and behavior. sex/agression, unconscious knowledge.

18

Erikson's Psychosocial Stages

presents eight developmental stages that encompass the entire lifespan.

19

Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 1. Trust vs Mistrust

child develops trust through care takers

20

Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 2. Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

child develops sense of free will (autonomy) criticize a child and they may develop a sense of shame

21

Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 3. initiative vs guilt

child becomes independent and explores their world. if child is told they aren't good enough they will experience guilt

22

Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 4. Industry vs Inferiority

children learn to do things well from others stands, example: school

23

Erickson's Psychosocial stages, 5. Identity vs Role Confusion

The adolescent develops a well-defined and positive sense of self in relationship to others.

24

Erickson's Psychosocial Stages, 6. Intimacy vs Isolation

The person develops the ability to give and receive love and to make long-term commitments.

25

Erickson's Psychosocial Stages, 7. Generativity vs Stagnation

The person develops an interest in guiding the development of the next generation, often by becoming a parent.

26

Erickson's Pschosocial Stages, 8. Ego integrity vs despair

person develops acceptance about how one has lived.

27

Sequential Research

sequential research features participants who are followed over time. Combination of Longitudinal and Cross Sectional

28

Longitudinal Research

studying a group of people that are the same age over time

29

Cross Sectional Research

How something affects people of different ages at the same time.

30

process of fertilization

ovulation occurs, sperm travels through the fallopian tube penetrates egg and makes a zygote, fertilization occurs