Flashcards in midterm Deck (83)
Non-normative life influences
unique experiences that may shape our development. A child who
loses his/her parent at a young age has experienced a life event that is not typical of
the age group.
The time period in
which you are born
shapes your experiences.
A cohort is
a group of people who are born
at roughly the same period in a
particular society. (gen x, millennial) These people
travel through life often
experiencing similar circumstances.
• Normative age-graded influences
An age-grade is a specific age group, such as
toddler, adolescent, or senior. Humans in a specific age-grade share particular
experiences and developmental changes.
lifelong from birth to death. how long a species can live.
is lifelong, multidirectional, miltidimensional, plastic (ability to change), multicontextual (shared experience and shared age groups)
Development is multidirectional
Humans change in many directions. We may show gains in
some areas of development, while showing losses in other areas. Every change, whether it is
finishing high school, getting married, or becoming a parent, entails both growth and loss.
Development is multidimensional
l. We change across three general domains/dimensions;
physical(height and weight), cognitive(intelligence, thinking, memory), and psychosocial(emotion, self perception, personal relationships).
predicted number of years a species will live.
your age in number of years- birth date
how your body is aging
cognitive and emotional compacity. you are as old as you feel.
societal norms. what your culture expects of you.
Preformationism theory of development
Children were believed to
possess all their sensory capabilities, emotions, and mental
aptitude at birth, and as they developed these abilities unfolded
on a predetermined schedule
Locke (tabula rasa or
tabula rasa or blank slate. Influenced by our environment. early life is very important.
Rousseau's theory on development
children are not adults. children should think freely and develop naturally.
Freud's theory of development
emphasized the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping our personality and behavior. sex/agression, unconscious knowledge.
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages
presents eight developmental stages that encompass the entire lifespan.
Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 1. Trust vs Mistrust
child develops trust through care takers
Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 2. Autonomy vs. shame/doubt
child develops sense of free will (autonomy) criticize a child and they may develop a sense of shame
Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 3. initiative vs guilt
child becomes independent and explores their world. if child is told they aren't good enough they will experience guilt
Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages, 4. Industry vs Inferiority
children learn to do things well from others stands, example: school
Erickson's Psychosocial stages, 5. Identity vs Role Confusion
The adolescent develops a well-defined and positive sense of self in relationship to others.
Erickson's Psychosocial Stages, 6. Intimacy vs Isolation
The person develops the ability to give and receive love and to make long-term commitments.
Erickson's Psychosocial Stages, 7. Generativity vs Stagnation
The person develops an interest in guiding the development of the next generation, often by becoming a parent.
Erickson's Pschosocial Stages, 8. Ego integrity vs despair
person develops acceptance about how one has lived.
sequential research features participants who are followed over time. Combination of Longitudinal and Cross Sectional
studying a group of people that are the same age over time
Cross Sectional Research
How something affects people of different ages at the same time.