Chapter One: Adolescence and Delinquency Flashcards Preview

Sociology 231: Juvenile Delinquency > Chapter One: Adolescence and Delinquency > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter One: Adolescence and Delinquency Deck (11)
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1

Juvenile Delinquency

an act committed by a minor that violates the penal code of the government with authority over the area in which the act occurs

2

Adolescence

the life interval between childhood and adulthood; usually defined as the period between ages 12 and 18

3

Youth Culture

the unique beliefs, behaviors, and symbols that represent young people in society

4

Juvenile

a youth at or below the upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction in a particular state

5

Positive Youth Development

(PYD) a comprehensive way of thinking about adolescence that challenges the tradition deficit-based perspective by pointing out that youths can sometimes thrive even in the presence of multiple risk factors; suggests that youth can develop and flourish when they are connected to the right mix of opportunities, relationships, and social assets

6

At Risk Youth

those who are extremely vulnerable to the negative consequences of school failure, substance abuse, and early sexuality

7

Risk Factors

Poverty
Health & Mortality Rates
Family Problems
Substandard Living Conditions
Inadequate Education
Cyberbullying
Sexting
Sexual Assault

8

Delinquency

A violation of social norms;
May vary across: time, societies, groups within a single society, and situation

9

Delinquent Youth

a young person who has committed a crime or violated probation; definition may vary by juvenile codes from each state/country

10

Status Offense

a nondelinquent/noncriminal offense; an offense that is illegal for an underage person, but not for adults

11

Status Offender

a juvenile who commits a minor act that is considered illegal only because (s)he is underage