Chapter Two: Measurement & Nature of Delinquency Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Two: Measurement & Nature of Delinquency Deck (12)
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Uniform Crime Report

(AKA: UCR) FBI's program for compiling data about crimes committed in the U.S.
Data of offenses known to police & statistics about persons arrested
Part 1 Crimes: violent & serious crimes
Part 2 Crimes: nonviolent crimes


Uniform Crime Report Findings

Youth crime is widespread in the U.S.
Juveniles most likely to be arrested for: breaking curfew, disorderly conduct, liquor/drug abuse violations, vandalism, larceny-theft, runaway,
Murder rates peaked in 1993 and declined ever since.
Drug arrests have overall increased: rate for boys has decreased, rate for girls has increased
Violent crime has decreased since 2001


Juvenile Court Statistics

Annual statistics about the number of youth appearing before the juvenile court each year
Released by the Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
Case: a youth processed by a juvenile court on a new referral regardless of how many law violations (s)he may have


Juvenile Court Statistics Findings

The number of youth coming before the courts increased from 1960s through 1980s, and then leveled off


Self-Report Crime Surveys

Studies that ask selected subjects to report on whether or not they have committed crime


Self-Report FIndings

Most youth have engaged in some form of delinquency at some time in their lives
Female delinquency is more prevalent and more similar to male delinquency than official arrest statistics suggest
Suggests more youth crime than recorded by arrest and court reports
Whites & AA commit crimes at around the same rate, but AA more likely to come in contact with the criminal justice system


Gender's Relation to Delinquency

Males more significantly delinquent than females
Girls and boys have different pathways to delinquency
Abused & neglected 2x more likely to be arrested as juveniles than boys
Violent girls more likely to have been physically & sexually abused


Race/Ethnicity's Relation to Delinquency

Racial minorities are disproportionately represented in arrest statistics because of institutionalized racism and racial profiling


Peer Group's Relation to Delinquency

Delinquent behavior occurs in groups
Delinquency in groups begins delinquent behavior, and delinquency alone follows later


Age of Onset

the age at which a child begins to commit delinquent acts


Escalation of Offenses

an increase in the frequency and severity of an individual's offenses


Chronic Youth Offender

a juvenile who engages repeatedly in delinquent behavior