Flashcards in Chapter Three- Edward VI Deck (18):
When Edward was crowned by Cranmer in 1547, what was he referred to as and why?
The Young King Josiah
Expected to reform and remove idolatry.
What was the title of the Duke of Somerset before coming to power in 1547?
The Earl of Hertford
What was the book of Homilies in 1547?
It taught Priests how to preach. Education of the clergymen.
What did the Royal Injunctions implement in 1547?
English Bible in every church, preach in English and idolatry removed.
What Act of 1545 was revived in 1547?
The Act for the Dissolution of the Chantries.
Which Catholic doctrine was removed in 1547 (but not replaced with anything else)?
The Six Articles and the Treason Act.
When was the First Prayer Book written and why was it important?
It was an English translation of a Catholic Bible. It was not Protestant enough and reformers complained about its lack of reform.
When was the Western Rebellion and why did it take place?
1547. Based on economic factors. Trade embargo in place. No trade of cloth with the Netherlands.
When was the Ketts Rebellion and why did it take place?
1547. Based on enclosure (land).
Edward Seymour was deposed in 1549, but who replaced him?
Dudley, Earl of Northumberland.
What did the New Ordinal do? (1550)
Attempted to reform episcopacy.
In addition, communion tables were to be made of wood instead of marble and the altar was placed at the back of the church.
Which Act if 1534 was revived in 1552?
The Treason Act.
Although it was not enforced, so abiding by the law was a choice.
When was the Second Book of Common Prayer and what were it's influences?
It was influenced by Calvinism (Eucharist was simply a memorial, rather than the body or spirit of Christ)
Vestments were removed.
When was the Second Act of Uniformity and why was it significant?
Shows that the first Act of Uniformity was not enforced and so it had to be revived. Policies were seldom enforced under Edward.
What was the Black Rubric 1552?
The Kneeling Debate. The secular clergy would stand to receive communion. Rejection of the idea that the priest was the middle man between themselves and God, a Catholic tendency, so Protestant elements introduced.
What was the short term and long term impact of the 42 Articles?
Short Term: failure. Never enacted due to the brevity of Edward's reign.
Long Term: relatively successful. Basis of the Elizabethan 39 Articles.
Why was leadership ineffective under Somerset?
Ruled by Act of Proclamations 1539. It was easy for Henry to rule by manipulating the Council, but Somerset was unpopular and so found it more difficult to pass law due to opposition from the council.