Flashcards in Chapter 5- The Elizabethan Settlement Deck (23):
What date was the Elizabethan Settlement passed?
8th May 1559
What political legislation was revived and how was it changed?
The Act of Supremacy.
Elizabeth named 'Supreme Governor' instead of 'Supreme Head' due to her femininity.
It was made compulsory to attend Church. What was the fine for absentees?
1 shilling per absentee.
'Priest' replaced what three terms?
'Vicar', 'Minister' and 'Pastor'
What were the nature of the Papal references in the Bible following 1559?
They were anti-papal and insulting to the Pope
What was ambiguous/ removed to encourage local variation and tolerance?
The Eucharist was ambiguous
The Black Rubric was removed.
What was the Act of Exchange 1559?
First Fruit and Tenths were given back to the crown.
Elizabeth was given the right to take over land of vacant Bishops (renting).
Which part of the Elizabethan Settlement led to the Vestments Controversy in 1566?
The Ornaments Rubric. Encouraged ornate vestments.
Puritans protested over vestments being too ornate through preaching and printing press.
What links Protestantism to the Visitations and Royal Injunctions of 1559?
Visitations were conducted by puritans that were exiled under Mary.
Royal Injunctions were harshly enforced by radical Protestants.
What was the significance of Foxe's Book of Martyrs 1563?
It showed the entrenchment of Protestantism as a result of Mary.
(Was not evidence to show opposition to Mary, be careful!)
To what extent was the 39 Articles influenced by Protestantism?
Based on the Protestant 39 Articles.
Cecil chose the Bishops that composed the 42 Articles (so Protestant).
What fraction of the peerage were the Marian Bishops?
To what extent was the Settlement 1559 influenced by Protestantism?
Prot relatively sig, shaped final settlement. Cath opposition more sig as enabled Prot to have a greater influence (Easter Bill). Prot and Cath more sig than international as they were internal factors and could influence enacted policies more.
How did Cecil influence Elizabeth's Eucharist?
Forced her to accept a more Calvinist Eucharist (symbolic act), in line with the 1552 Prayer Book.
She preferred the more conservative 1549 prayer book.
Which key figures influenced Elizabeth in the House of Commons?
Cartwright, Strickland, Wentworth Brothers
Why was the Protestant opposition in Commons less of a problem than the Catholic opposition in the House of Lords?
Few Marian exiles has returned to England before Easter 1559 and the Marian bishops were strong enough to block the Easter Bill.
Why was the influence of Elizabeth's council more than she wanted?
Due to her failure to pass her own more moderate settlement, she relied on her council to push it through parliament, this giving them more influence over the settlement.
How significant was the majority by which the Act of Supremacy passed through the House of Lords?
All in the House of Lords opposed the Settlement. except one. Who?
Kitchen of Llandaff
The Catholic opposition proved more significant than the Protestant opposition because the parliamentary settlement required successful manipulation of the Marian Bishops by who?
Cecil and Walsingham.
Marian Bishops were a late obstacle to Elizabeth.
How did Spain effect the Elizabethan Settlement?
The settlement could not be anti-catholic as England needed her ally, Spain, so that Elizabeth would not be isolated in her peace negotiations with France.
How did Central Europe affect the Settlement?
Elizabeth did not want to be excommunicated so early on in her reign. She needed a period of calm so that she could mature and assert her power. She was young at the time of her accession and she was female.