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Flashcards in Chapter 1- The Early Church Deck (19):
0

Why did Pope Julius II grant a Papal Dispensation to allow Henry VIII to marry Katherine of Aragon in 1509?

To ensure good Anglo-Spanish relations.

1

What was the name of the book written by Erasmus in 1509?

Praise of Folly

2

Quotation from John Colet's sermon in 1511?

"Foul, immoral and deformed institution"
Most of the criticisms of the Church came from within.

3

Which book, written in 1516, satirised Christian values and showed the Humanist desire to return to Christian Tradition?

Utopia- Thomas More 1516

4

In what year did Luther pin his 95 theses to Wittenburg's Cathedral door?

1517

5

In what year was Katherine's last pregnancy?

1518

6

Defence of the seven sacraments written by Henry VIII?

Assertio Septum Sacramentorum 1521

7

'Little Germany'?

White Horse Group, Cambridge.
Nicknamed in reference to their discussions of Luther.
Among those who attended meetings: Cranmer, Latimer, Gardiner, Parker, Tyndale, John Rogers

8

When was Anne's first appearance at court and when did Henry first become attracted to her?

1522
And 4 years later

9

When did Henry and Katherine cease to live as man and wife?

1524

10

When was Tyndale's English Bible published?

1525

11

What was the Sack of Rome in 1527 and what was it's significance?

Charles V occupied Rome and killed thousands of men and children, raped women and destroyed anything of value.
Significance: It lasted for months and meant that the Pope could not issue the annulment.

12

When was the first dissolution of the Monasteries? (early Church)

1527-1528
Evidence that the Church was reforming itself.
Visitations by the Bishops of London and Lincoln.
Dissolution by Wolsey.

13

When was the 'Obedience of a Christian Man' published (Tyndale) and why was it not burnt by the King?

1528
And it endorsed Royal Supremacy.

14

Who called the Church "ravenous wolves in shepherd's clothing"?

Simon Fish in the Supplication of Beggars, 1529.

15

By which year was there a surplus of Priests?

1529
Most dioceses has two priests per church

16

Opposition was geographically restricted to urban areas and constituted of a small, educated minority that advocated the same anti-clericalism that had existed for centuries.

Most criticisms of the Church came from within and the Church was already reforming itself by 1529, by dissolution under Wolsey and visitations.

17

Secular elite. Statistics regarding the division of government?

Commons: 33% Lawyers (anticlerical)
Lords: Bishops
King: Didn't support reformation.

18

Agrarian Society stats?

90% of the population lived in rural areas. (Rural areas were places with regular clergy- monks and nuns)
10% urban- secular clergy.