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Flashcards in chapter14 Deck (44):
1

abandon

رها کردن
تسلیم شدن
واگذاری

2

adjacent

next
side by side with

مجاور
همسایه
نزدیک

3

annual


yearly
سالیانه

4

benefit

gain
advantages
سود
بهره

5

cite

to mention s.th as an example
گفتن
ذکر کردن

6

conduct


to do s.th especially in order to get information or prove facts
هدایت کردن
اداره کردن
بردن

7

devote

to use a particular area period of time or amount of space for a specific purpose
اختصاص دادن
فدا کردن

8

diminish

to become smaller or less important
کاستن
کم شدن
تقلیل

9

duration

length
period
مدت
طول
استمرار

10

expansion

the act or proscess of increasing in size,number,amount or range
توسعه
بسط
انبساط

11

expert

especialist
professional
کارشناس
متخصص

12

inevitable

unavoidable
inescapable
اجتناب ناپذیر
بدیهی

13

input

ideas ,advice,money or effort that you put into a job ,meeting etc...in order to help it succeesdخرج
پول
ورودی

14

minimize

کمینه کردن
به حداقل رساندن

15

nevertheless

yet
even so
با این حال
مع هذا

16

region

a fairly large area of a statee,country ....
ناحیه
منطقه

17

terminate


ended
concluded
خاتمه دادن
پایان دادن

18

ultimate

happening at the end of a long process
نهایی
غایی
آخر

19

virtually

almost
nearly
تقریبا

20

volume

the amount of space that s.th contains or fill
بزرگ شدن
افزوده شدن

21

occur

happen
take place
رویدادن
رخ دادن
اتفاق افتادن

22

outcome

result
conclusion
نتیجه
حاصل

23

predict

anticipate
forecast
پیش گویی
پیش بینی

24

prohibitive

too expensive to pay for
جلوگیری کننده
ممانعت کننده

25

commodity prices

A reasonably interchangeable good or material, bought and sold freely as an article of commerce. Commodities include agricultural products, fuels, and metals and are traded in bulk on a commodity exchange or spot market.
معامله پایاپا

26

commodity production

Simple commodity production (also known as "petty commodity production"

27

commodity market

A commodity market is a market that trades in primary economic sector rather than manufactured products. Soft commodities are agricultural products such as wheat, coffee, cocoa, fruit and sugar. Hard commodities are mined, such as gold and oil

28

commodity exchange

an organized market where future delivery contracts for graded commodities (as grains, cotton, sugar, coffee, wool) are bought and sold

29

clarify a position

to make understandable clarify a subject The president was forced to clarify his position on the issue.

30

clarify a point

verb. To clarify something means to make it easier to understand, usually by explaining it in more detail. ... VERB noun] A bank spokesman was unable to clarify the situation

31

clarify an issue

1(formal) to make something clearer or easier to understand clarify something to clarify a situation/problem/issue I hope this clarifies my position. The law on drugs needs to be clarified. Talking to someone has helped clarify my feeling

32

ensure safety

to make sure or certain; guarantee; secure. measures to ensure accuracy. to make safe; protect

33

ensure success

If you ensure success or someone's safety, you are guaranteeing it. Make sure you can really come through with something before you ensure it! .

34

ensure compliance

In general, compliance means conforming to a rule, such as a specification, policy, standard or law. Regulatory compliance describes the goal that organisations aspire to achieve in their efforts to ensure that they are aware of and take steps to comply with relevant laws, polices, and regulations

35

ensure standards


to take care of rules

36

mutual fund

سرمایه مشترک

37

mutual respect

احترام متقابل

38

mutual support

....

39

mutual friends

دوستان مشترک

40

precise nature

exact reason for

41

precise location

definitely or strictly stated, defined, or fixed: precise directions. 2. being exactly that and neither more nor less: a precise temperature; a precise amount.

42

precise moment

exact time

43

fluctuating patterns

trend

44

fluctuating fortunes

a cost of something