Flashcards in Chemistry Deck (78):
What type of bonds are in maltose?
What type of bonds are in lactose?
What type of bonds are in sucrose?
What type of bonds are in cellulose?
What type of bonds are in amylose?
What type of bonds are in amylopectin?
alpha 1-4, alpha 1-6
What type of bonds are in glycogen?
alpha 1-4 & alpha 1-6
Which has longer branches, amylopectin or glycogen?
Which is more branched, amylopectin or glycogen?
Type of bond b/w glycerol & fatty acids?
Types of essential fatty acids?
Linolenic (Omega-3) 18:3
Linoleic (Omega-6) 18:2
What molecules are precursors for cholesterol synthesis?
Where are chylomicrons synthesized?
Which lipoproteins have the highest % of triglycerides?
Which lipoproteins have the lowest % of protein?
Which lipoproteins have the highest % of cholesterol?
Where does beta oxidation of fatty acids occur?
What transports fatty acids into mitochondria for beta oxidation?
What are examples of ketone bodies?
What is the primary substrate for lipogenesis?
Where does lipogenesis occur?
What is the "most important" intermediate of lipogenesis?
Which AA's have an aromatic ring?
Which AA's are basic?
Which AA's are neutral?
Which AA's contain sulfur?
Which AA's are not glucogenic?
Which AA's are branched?
Which AA's are acidic?
Which AA is a precursor to serotonin?
Which AA is a precursor to GABA?
Which AA is a precursor to Histamine?
Which AA is a precursor to Creatine?
Which AA is a precursor to NAD?
Which AA's are lacking in grains?
Which AA carries ammonia to the urea cycle?
Which 3 AA's donate nitrogen for purines & pyrimidines?
Which 6 AA's is muscle able to oxidize?
Which AA takes ammonia & lactate from muscles during exercise to the liver?
What bond combines AA's to make proteins?
What vitamin makes TPP?
What vitamin makes FAD, FADH?
What vitamin makes NAD, NADH?
What vitamin makes CoA?
Pantothenic Acid (B5)
What vitamin makes pyridoxal phosphate?
Which B vitamin is Folic Acid?
Which B vitamin is cyanocobalamin?
What macromineral is a component of bones, co-factor for kinase, needed for glucose breakdown?
What micromineral is a constituent of vit B12?
Which micromineral is a part of Cytochrome A oxidase (ETC)?
Which micromineral is a cofactor for decarboxylase?
Which micromineral is a cofactor for glutathione peroxidase?
Which micromineral is a cofactor for carbonic anhydrase?
Where does DNA replication occur?
Where does transcription occur?
Where does the Kreb's cycle occur?
What are the products for only ONE turn of the Kreb's cycle?
What is the electron acceptor in the ETC?
Oxygen (forms water)
What is the total ATP production from oxidative phosphorylation?
36 (or 38)
Kreb's = 30 ATP
Glycerol-3-phosphate shunt = 4 ATP
Glycolysis = 2 ATP
Where does glycolysis occur?
Where does gluconeogenesis occur?
Cytoplasm & mitochondria of liver
Where does glycogenesis occur?
Cytoplasm of liver & muscle
Where does glycogenolysis occur?
Cytoplasm of liver & muscle
Where does lipogenesis, lipolysis, & cholesterol synthesis occur?
Where does the pentose phosphate pathway occur?
This is when the charge of an AA or protein is zero
Legumes are missing what AA?
Sugars that differ in configuration at a single asymmetric center
Molecules that are mirror images
Atoms bonded in the same order but differ in precise orientation
An enzyme + cofactor is called what?
An enzyme w/o a cofactor is called what?
These regulate the rate of enzyme synthesis
This is a protein that becomes an active enzyme when parts are removed
An area on the enzyme where a compound may bind & change the rate of activity
What AA is the precursor to epinephrine?
What is a peptide hormone that is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas (tail)?