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Part 1 Board Review > Spinal Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spinal Anatomy Deck (159)
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1

What secondary vesicles are derived from the proencephalon?

Telencephalon
Diencephalon

2

What secondary vesicle is derived from the mesencephalon?

Mesencephalon (duh!)

3

What secondary vesicles are derived from the rhombencephalon?

Metencephalon
Myelencephalon

4

What is derived from the telencephalon?

Cortices
Basal ganglion

5

What is derived from the diencephalon?

Thalamus

6

What is derived from the mesencephalon?

Midbrain

7

What is derived from the Metencephalon?

Pons
Cerebellum

8

What is derived from the myelencephalon?

Medulla Oblongata

9

What develops from the foregut?

back of throat to 1st 1/3rd of duodenum

10

What develops from the midgut?

Last 2/3rd of duodenum to 1st 2/3rd of transverse colon

11

What develops from the hindgut?

Last 1/3rd of transverse colon to anus

12

What does the gubernaculum develop into in males & females?

Males: Scrotal lig. AKA gubernacular testis
Females: Suspensory lig. of ovary, ovarian lig. & round lig.

13

Only special sense to bypass the thalamus?

Sense of smell

14

What do pacinion receptors sense?

Vibration

15

What do Ruffini receptors sense?

Temperature

16

What do Meissners/merkel receptors sense?

Touch

17

What functions are the medulla & pons assoc. w/?

Vasomotor
Cardiac centers
Autonomics
CN 5-12

18

What functions are the midbrain assoc. w/?

Reflexes to light & sound
Prox. flexor relay
Motoric relay
CN 3 & 4

19

What functions is the thalamus assoc. w/?

Relay station
Sensory fibers

20

What function is the pulvinar region of the thalalmus assoc. w/?

Integration of sensory information

21

What is the ventral posteromedial (VPM) of the thalamus assoc. w/?

Sensory from face

22

What is the ventral posterolateral (VPL) of the thalamus assoc. w/?

Sensory from arms & legs

23

What is the lat. geniculate of the thalamus assoc w/?

Sensory from eyes

24

What is the med. geniculate of the thalamus assoc. w?

Sensory from ears

25

What is the parietal lobe of the cerebrum assoc. w/?

Localization "somesthetic cortex"
Brodman 1,2,3
Abstraction, problem solving

26

What is the occipital lobe of the cerebrum assoc. w/?

Sight

27

What is the temporal lobe of the cerebrum assoc. w/?

Sup lobe: Hearing
Middle lobe: Short term memory
Inf. lobe: Long term memory, smell

28

The foramen ovale becomes what and is located where?

Fossa ovalis; interatrial septum

29

The ductus arteriosus bypasses ____ & becomes ____?

Bypasses lung pulmonary trunk to arch of aorta; becomes ligamentum arteriosum

30

The ductus venosus bypasses ____ & becomes ____?

Bypasses the sinusoids of fetal liver; becomes ligamentum venosum