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Part 1 Board Review > Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathology Deck (352)
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1

Type of calcification where calcium infiltrates into normal tissue, e.g. hypervitaminosis D

Metastatic calcification

2

Type of calcification where calcium infiltrates into abnormal/damaged tissue, e.g. atherosclerosis or atheroma; damage to tunica intima

Dystrophic calcification

3

Caseous degeneration is seen with what disease?

Tuberculosis

4

"Cloudy swelling" is assoc. w/ what pathology?

Albuminous. Membrane injured which effects ionic transfer

5

"Coagulation"-type of degeneration is assoc. w/ what type of pathology?

Infarction (MI)

6

"Enzymatic"-type of degeneration is assoc. w/ what organ pathology?

Pancreas

7

Fatty degeneration in the liver is AKA?

Nutmeg liver

8

Fatty degeneration in the heart is AKA?

Tabby cat heart

9

What is the progression of fatty degeneration in the heart?

fatty dot --> Fatty streak --> Atheroma (fatty plaque) --> fibroatheroma (Fibrous tissue, calcium)

10

"Liquefaction" degeneration is assoc. w/ which system/organ?

CNS (Brain melts, tertiary syphilis, leprosy)
Skin (Infection)

11

Wallerian degeneration is assoc. w/ what organ?

Peripheral nerves. Degenerates to the next Node of Ranvier.
"Dying back phenomenon"

12

Zenker's (Waxy) degeneration is assoc. with what?

Hyaline. M/C in skeletal muscle
Muscle replaced w/ hyaline

13

What does Karyolysis mean?

Nuclear rupture

14

What does Karyorrhexis mean?

Nuclear swelling

15

What does pyknosis mean?

Nuclear Condensation

16

Absence of an organ (usually a paired organ)

Agenesis

17

Small remnants of an organ present (lack of development)

Aplasia

18

Organ smaller than normal & defective

hypoplasia

19

Decrease in size, typically from disuse. Seen most commonly in muscle

Atrophy

20

Increase in size

Hypertrophy

21

Increase in number of cells (e.g. pregnant uterus, goiter)

Hyperplasia

22

Changes from one cell type to another e.g pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium changing into stratified squamous in lungs of a smoker

Metaplasia

23

Change in size, shape, or function of a cell. Precancerous, but last stage that can reverse to normal

Dysplasia

24

Complete disorganization of a cell (cancer) e.g. squamous cell carcinoma

Anaplasia

25

Type I collagen is found where?

Bone
Muscle
Tendons
Ligaments

26

Type II collagen is found where?

Disc (specifically nucleus pulposis)

27

Type III collagen ("reticular collagen") is found where?

Spleen
Lymph nodes
Seen in early wound healing

28

Type IV collagen is found where?

Basement membrane

29

Pneumoconoisis that is caused by silica from sand, rock, or glass. AKA "Rocky Quarry disease"

Silicosis

30

Pneumoconoisis that leads to mesothelioma (Malignant tumor)

Asbestosis