General Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Part 1 Board Review > General Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Anatomy Deck (112):
1

Strongest lig. in the ankle

Deltoid (med. malleolus --> tarsus)

2

Most commonly injured lig. in the ankle?

Lat. lig. (Lat. malleolus --> tarsus)

3

Lig. that maintains the longitudinal arch?

Spring AKA Plantar Calcaneonavicular

4

The Unhappy Triad is damage to what structures?

Med. meniscus
ACL
MCL

5

What structures make up the portal triad?

Hepatic Artery
Hepatic portal vein
Common bile duct

6

What connects the ciliary body w/ the crystalline lens of the eye?

Zonule of Zinn

7

How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton? Axial skeleton?

126; 80 (206 total)

8

What nerve controls extension of the thumb? Adduction? Flexion?

Ext = Radial
Add = Ulnar
Flex = Median

9

M/C fx carpal?

Scaphoid

10

M/C fx subluxated carpal?

Lunate

11

What spinal level is the root of the scapular spine located?

T3

12

If you fx the surgical neck of the humerus, what nerve could you damage?

Axillary nerve

13

What nerve could you damage if you fx the shaft of the humerus?

Radial nerve

14

Lister's tubercle is a locator for which carpal?

Lunate

15

How many carpals are there?

8

16

What are the borders of the anatomical snuff box?

Extensor pollicis longus
Extensor pollicis brevis
Abductor pollicis longus
Scaphoid = floor

17

What nerve passes through the tunnel of Guyon?

Ulnar

18

What nerve passes through the tarsal tunnel?

Medial Plantar Nerve (branch off tibial)

19

What arteries branch off the Celiac artery (trunk)?

L gastric
Splenic
Common hepatic

20

What arteries branch off the inferior mesenteric artery?

L colic
Sigmoid
Sup. rectal

21

What nerve passes through the lesser sciatic notch?

Pudendal nerve

22

What bears the weight of the body when seated?

Ischial Tuberosity

23

Where do the ilium, ischium, & pubis meet?

Acetabulum

24

What nerve passes by the head of the fibula?

Common peroneal nerve

25

Which chamber of the heart makes up most of the ant. surface of the heart?

R Ventricle

26

Which chamber of the heart makes up most of the pos. surface of the heart?

L Atrium

27

What intercostal space is the apex of the heart located?

5th L intercostal space

28

What are the branches off the arch of the aorta?

Brachiocephalic
L Common Carotid
L Subclavian

29

What arteries come off the brachiocephalic?

R Common carotid
R Subclavian

30

What are the branches off the External Carotid?

Sup. Thyroid (Save)
Ascending pharyngeal (A)
Lingual (Lady)
Facial (Falling)
Occipital (Out of a)
Pos. auricular (Plane
Superficial temporal (Super)
Maxillary (Man)

31

What are the boundaries of the sup. mediastinum?

1st rib
sternal angle
T4-T5 disc

32

What % of saliva comes from the submandibular gland? parotid gland?

60-70%; 20-30%

33

Type of cells in the stomach that secrete HCL & IF?

Parietal AKA oxyntic

34

Type of cells in the stomach that secrete pepsinogen?

Chief AKA zymogenic

35

Hormone that stimulates hunger?

Ghrelin

36

How long is the duodenum? Jejunum? Ileum?

~10 in.; ~8 ft; ~12 ft

37

What is are the folds in the small intestine called?

Plicae Circulare

38

Epithelial cells in the sm. intestine make what hormone?

CCK (Cholecystokinin)

39

What is responsible for expansion of the rectum & anus?

Columns of Morgagni

40

Largest gland in the entire body?

Liver

41

The L lobe of the liver is divided into what two lobes?

Caudate
Quadrate

42

What causes the gallbladder to secrete bile?

Stimulation from CCK

43

What makes the common bile duct?

R & L Hepatic duct
Cystic duct

44

What are the 4 sinuses?

Frontal
Ethmoid
Sphenoid
Maxillary

45

What marks the division of the trachea into primary bronchi?

Carina

46

Type of epithelial tissue that allows for gas exchange. Located in the alveoli & capillaries

Simple squamous

47

Type of epithelial tissue that provides protection. Located in digestive tract, skin, etc.

Stratified squamous

48

Type of epithelial tissue in small ducts & tubes for secretion & absorption; salivary glands, kidney tubules, pancreatic ducts

Cuboidal

49

Type of epithelial tissue that absorbs & secretes mucous & enzymes in the GI Tract

Simple Columnar

50

Type of epithelial tissue that absorbs & secretes mucous & enzymes but also "beats" to push along particles. Located in small bronchi & uterine tubes

Ciliated columnar

51

Type of epithelial tissue that primarily secretes mucous & is ciliated to push mucous that is located in the respiratory tract

Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar

52

Type of epithelial tissue that specializes in distention. Located in the bladder, part of urethra & uterus

Transitional

53

What part of the kidney are the renal pyramids located?

Medulla

54

What is the pH of semen?

7.2

55

What cells make testosterone in a male?

Interstitial cells of Leydig

56

What hormone controls spermatogenesis?

FSH

57

What lig. anchors the ovaries medially to the uterus?

ovarian lig.

58

What lig. anchors the ovaries laterally to the pelvic wall?

Suspensory lig.

59

What lig. (strongest) supports the uterine tubes, uterus, & vagina?

Broad lig.

60

What is responsible for secreting estrogen in the 1st 1/2 of a woman's monthly cycle?

Corpus Luteum

61

What hormone is secreted by the corpus luteum in the 2nd 1/2 of a woman's cycle?

Progesterone

62

What hormone predominates in pregnancy?

Progesterone

63

What hormone causes ovulation?

LH

64

What hormone maintains the corpus luteum?

HCG

65

What are the borders of the carotid triangle?

Ant.= Sup. belly omohyoid
Pos. = SCM
Sup = Pos. belly digastric

66

What are the boundaries of the submandibular triangle?

Ant = Ant. belly digastric
Pos = Pos. belly digastric
Sup = Lower border of mandible

67

What are the borders of the triangle of auscultation?

Sup = Trapezius
Inf = Lat. dorsi
Lat = Scapula
Floor = Rhomboid major

68

What are the contents of the quadrangular space?

Pos. circumflex humeral art.
Axillary nerve

69

What are the borders of the quadrangular space?

Sup = Teres Minor
Inf = Teres Major
Med = Long head of triceps
Lat = Humerus

70

What are the contents of the triangular space AKA Axillary triangle?

Circumflex scapular art.

71

What are the borders of the triangular space AKA axillary triangle?

Sup = Teres minor
Inf = Teres major
Lat = Long head of triceps

72

This is used clinically as a point of tenderness in appendicitis?

McBurney's point

73

What is located in the carpel tunnel?

Median nerve
Tendons of flexors of digits

74

What are the contents of the femoral triangle?

Femoral nerve & art.
Lat. femoral cutaneous nerve
Femoral canal

75

What are the boundaries of the femoral triangle?

Sup = Inguinal lig.
Med = Adductor longus
Lat = Sartorious

76

This is the location of direct inguinal hernias

Hesselbach's triangle

77

What are the boundaries of Hesselbach's Triangle?

Lat = Inf. epigastric art.
Med = Rectus abdominis
Inf = Inguinal lig.

78

What is the largest endocrine gland?

Thyroid

79

What produces melatonin?

Pineal gland

80

What vessel does the subclavian drain into?

Axillary

81

What 3 veins drain into the axillary?

Basilic
Brachial
Cephalic

82

What major vein drains into the femoral?

Great Saphenous

83

What does the small saphenous drain into?

Popliteal

84

What is the longest muscle in the body?

Sartorius

85

What is the shortest muscle in the body?

Stapedius

86

What's the name of a bone growing inside of a suture?

wormian bone

87

What is the nerve/blood supply of the ant. compartment of the thigh?

Femoral/Femoral

88

What is the nerve/blood supply of the med. compartment of the thigh?

Obturator nerve (Femoral & Obturator for pectineus)
Obturator artery

89

What is the nerve/blood supply of the pos. compartment of the thigh?

Tibial nerve/Deep femoral art.

90

What is the nerve/blood supply of the lat. compartment of the thigh?

Sup. gluteal (TFL, Glut med, min)
Inf. gluteal (Glut max)/
Inf. gluteal art.

91

What is the nerve/blood supply of the ant. compartment of the leg?

Deep peroneal AKA Ant. tibial nerve/Ant. tibial art.

92

What is the nerve/blood supply of the pos. compartment of the leg?

Tibial nerve/Pos. tibial art

93

What is the nerve/blood supply of the lat. compartment of the leg?

Superficial peroneal AKA Fibular nerve/Ant. tibial, peroneal arts.

94

Largest & fewest taste buds. Located ant. to the sulcus terminalis

Circumvallate

95

Smallest & most numerous taste buds. Not involved w/ taste.

Filiform

96

Taste buds that are located on the side of the tongue

Foliate

97

What are the contents of the carotid triangle?

Carotid arts.
Internal jugular v.
Vagus

98

What are the contents of the submandibular AKA digastric triangle?

Salivary glands
Hypoglossal N.
Myohyoid N.

99

What are the contents of the muscular AKA inf. carotid triangle?

Larynx
Trachea
Thyroid

100

What are the contents of the suprahyoid AKA submental triangle?

Salivary glands & ducts

101

What are the contents of the occipital triangle?

Cervical plexus
Accessory nerve

102

What are the contents of the subclavian AKA supraclavicular AKA omoclavicular triangle?

Brachial Plexus
Subclavian art.
Transverse cervical art.
Suprascapular a.
Terminal part of external jugular v.

103

What are the 3 unpaired laryngeal cartilages?

Cricoid
Epiglottis
Thyroid

104

What are the 3 paired laryngeal cartilages?

Arytenoids
Corniculates
Cuneiforms

105

What is responsible for voice production in the larnyx?

Glottis

106

What is the opening b/w the greater & lesser peritoneal sacs called?

Epiploic foramen AKA Foramen of Winslow

107

M/C artery for an MI?

Ant. interventricular art. of L coronary AKA L ant. descending art. AKA "widowmaker"

108

Parotid gland is AKA?

Stenson's duct

109

Submandibular gland is AKA?

Wharton's duct

110

Sublingual gland is AKA?

Bartholin's duct

111

Main pancreatic duct is AKA?

Wirsungs' duct

112

Accessory pancreatic duct is AKA?

Santorini duct