Flashcards in General Anatomy Deck (112):
Strongest lig. in the ankle
Deltoid (med. malleolus --> tarsus)
Most commonly injured lig. in the ankle?
Lat. lig. (Lat. malleolus --> tarsus)
Lig. that maintains the longitudinal arch?
Spring AKA Plantar Calcaneonavicular
The Unhappy Triad is damage to what structures?
What structures make up the portal triad?
Hepatic portal vein
Common bile duct
What connects the ciliary body w/ the crystalline lens of the eye?
Zonule of Zinn
How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton? Axial skeleton?
126; 80 (206 total)
What nerve controls extension of the thumb? Adduction? Flexion?
Ext = Radial
Add = Ulnar
Flex = Median
M/C fx carpal?
M/C fx subluxated carpal?
What spinal level is the root of the scapular spine located?
If you fx the surgical neck of the humerus, what nerve could you damage?
What nerve could you damage if you fx the shaft of the humerus?
Lister's tubercle is a locator for which carpal?
How many carpals are there?
What are the borders of the anatomical snuff box?
Extensor pollicis longus
Extensor pollicis brevis
Abductor pollicis longus
Scaphoid = floor
What nerve passes through the tunnel of Guyon?
What nerve passes through the tarsal tunnel?
Medial Plantar Nerve (branch off tibial)
What arteries branch off the Celiac artery (trunk)?
What arteries branch off the inferior mesenteric artery?
What nerve passes through the lesser sciatic notch?
What bears the weight of the body when seated?
Where do the ilium, ischium, & pubis meet?
What nerve passes by the head of the fibula?
Common peroneal nerve
Which chamber of the heart makes up most of the ant. surface of the heart?
Which chamber of the heart makes up most of the pos. surface of the heart?
What intercostal space is the apex of the heart located?
5th L intercostal space
What are the branches off the arch of the aorta?
L Common Carotid
What arteries come off the brachiocephalic?
R Common carotid
What are the branches off the External Carotid?
Sup. Thyroid (Save)
Ascending pharyngeal (A)
Occipital (Out of a)
Pos. auricular (Plane
Superficial temporal (Super)
What are the boundaries of the sup. mediastinum?
What % of saliva comes from the submandibular gland? parotid gland?
Type of cells in the stomach that secrete HCL & IF?
Parietal AKA oxyntic
Type of cells in the stomach that secrete pepsinogen?
Chief AKA zymogenic
Hormone that stimulates hunger?
How long is the duodenum? Jejunum? Ileum?
~10 in.; ~8 ft; ~12 ft
What is are the folds in the small intestine called?
Epithelial cells in the sm. intestine make what hormone?
What is responsible for expansion of the rectum & anus?
Columns of Morgagni
Largest gland in the entire body?
The L lobe of the liver is divided into what two lobes?
What causes the gallbladder to secrete bile?
Stimulation from CCK
What makes the common bile duct?
R & L Hepatic duct
What are the 4 sinuses?
What marks the division of the trachea into primary bronchi?
Type of epithelial tissue that allows for gas exchange. Located in the alveoli & capillaries
Type of epithelial tissue that provides protection. Located in digestive tract, skin, etc.
Type of epithelial tissue in small ducts & tubes for secretion & absorption; salivary glands, kidney tubules, pancreatic ducts
Type of epithelial tissue that absorbs & secretes mucous & enzymes in the GI Tract
Type of epithelial tissue that absorbs & secretes mucous & enzymes but also "beats" to push along particles. Located in small bronchi & uterine tubes
Type of epithelial tissue that primarily secretes mucous & is ciliated to push mucous that is located in the respiratory tract
Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar
Type of epithelial tissue that specializes in distention. Located in the bladder, part of urethra & uterus
What part of the kidney are the renal pyramids located?
What is the pH of semen?
What cells make testosterone in a male?
Interstitial cells of Leydig
What hormone controls spermatogenesis?
What lig. anchors the ovaries medially to the uterus?
What lig. anchors the ovaries laterally to the pelvic wall?
What lig. (strongest) supports the uterine tubes, uterus, & vagina?
What is responsible for secreting estrogen in the 1st 1/2 of a woman's monthly cycle?
What hormone is secreted by the corpus luteum in the 2nd 1/2 of a woman's cycle?
What hormone predominates in pregnancy?
What hormone causes ovulation?
What hormone maintains the corpus luteum?
What are the borders of the carotid triangle?
Ant.= Sup. belly omohyoid
Pos. = SCM
Sup = Pos. belly digastric
What are the boundaries of the submandibular triangle?
Ant = Ant. belly digastric
Pos = Pos. belly digastric
Sup = Lower border of mandible
What are the borders of the triangle of auscultation?
Sup = Trapezius
Inf = Lat. dorsi
Lat = Scapula
Floor = Rhomboid major
What are the contents of the quadrangular space?
Pos. circumflex humeral art.
What are the borders of the quadrangular space?
Sup = Teres Minor
Inf = Teres Major
Med = Long head of triceps
Lat = Humerus
What are the contents of the triangular space AKA Axillary triangle?
Circumflex scapular art.
What are the borders of the triangular space AKA axillary triangle?
Sup = Teres minor
Inf = Teres major
Lat = Long head of triceps
This is used clinically as a point of tenderness in appendicitis?
What is located in the carpel tunnel?
Tendons of flexors of digits
What are the contents of the femoral triangle?
Femoral nerve & art.
Lat. femoral cutaneous nerve
What are the boundaries of the femoral triangle?
Sup = Inguinal lig.
Med = Adductor longus
Lat = Sartorious
This is the location of direct inguinal hernias
What are the boundaries of Hesselbach's Triangle?
Lat = Inf. epigastric art.
Med = Rectus abdominis
Inf = Inguinal lig.
What is the largest endocrine gland?
What produces melatonin?
What vessel does the subclavian drain into?
What 3 veins drain into the axillary?
What major vein drains into the femoral?
What does the small saphenous drain into?
What is the longest muscle in the body?
What is the shortest muscle in the body?
What's the name of a bone growing inside of a suture?
What is the nerve/blood supply of the ant. compartment of the thigh?
What is the nerve/blood supply of the med. compartment of the thigh?
Obturator nerve (Femoral & Obturator for pectineus)
What is the nerve/blood supply of the pos. compartment of the thigh?
Tibial nerve/Deep femoral art.
What is the nerve/blood supply of the lat. compartment of the thigh?
Sup. gluteal (TFL, Glut med, min)
Inf. gluteal (Glut max)/
Inf. gluteal art.
What is the nerve/blood supply of the ant. compartment of the leg?
Deep peroneal AKA Ant. tibial nerve/Ant. tibial art.
What is the nerve/blood supply of the pos. compartment of the leg?
Tibial nerve/Pos. tibial art
What is the nerve/blood supply of the lat. compartment of the leg?
Superficial peroneal AKA Fibular nerve/Ant. tibial, peroneal arts.
Largest & fewest taste buds. Located ant. to the sulcus terminalis
Smallest & most numerous taste buds. Not involved w/ taste.
Taste buds that are located on the side of the tongue
What are the contents of the carotid triangle?
Internal jugular v.
What are the contents of the submandibular AKA digastric triangle?
What are the contents of the muscular AKA inf. carotid triangle?
What are the contents of the suprahyoid AKA submental triangle?
Salivary glands & ducts
What are the contents of the occipital triangle?
What are the contents of the subclavian AKA supraclavicular AKA omoclavicular triangle?
Transverse cervical art.
Terminal part of external jugular v.
What are the 3 unpaired laryngeal cartilages?
What are the 3 paired laryngeal cartilages?
What is responsible for voice production in the larnyx?
What is the opening b/w the greater & lesser peritoneal sacs called?
Epiploic foramen AKA Foramen of Winslow
M/C artery for an MI?
Ant. interventricular art. of L coronary AKA L ant. descending art. AKA "widowmaker"
Parotid gland is AKA?
Submandibular gland is AKA?
Sublingual gland is AKA?
Main pancreatic duct is AKA?