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Part 1 Board Review > Microbiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (72)
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1

M/C roundworm in the world, Colicky pain, lives in sm. intestine

Ascaris lumbricoides

2

In nuts & grains, makes Aflatoxin. Primary liver cancer. Fungus ball in lung

Aspergillosus fumigatus

3

Woolsorter's disease, Inhaled spores, sporulation

Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)

4

Endemic fungus on eastern seaboard from Florida to Canada

Blastomycosis

5

Whooping Cough, Inspiratory whoop

Bordetella pertussis

6

Lyme's disease, Bull's eye rash, Vector = Deer tick aka Lxodes scapularis

Borrelia burgdorferi

7

Recurrent/relapsing fever

Borrelia recurrentis

8

Bang's disease, zoonosis from cattle, spontaneous abortions in cattle & undulant fever

Brucella abortus

9

Oral thrush = monoliasis in babies & diabetics. White discharge

Candida albicans

10

Parrot fever. Lower respiratory infection

Chlamydia psittaci

11

1st sign=diploplia, 2nd sign=death, Food poisoning

Clostridium botulinum

12

Gas gangrene. Organism aka "C. welchi"

Clostridium perfringes

13

San Joaquin valley fever. Endemic fungus in deserts of southwest

Coccidiomycosis

14

Gray pseudomembrane in throat. Metachromatic fever.

Cornebacterium diphtherium (Diphtheria)

15

A Rickettsia. Causes Q-fever, vector=milk, not organism. Weil-Felix(-)

Coxiella burnetii

16

Fish tapeworm, Can cause pernicious anemia

Diphyllobothrium latum

17

Amebic dysentery. Mild diarrhea. Cyst is infective form

Entamoeba histolytica

18

Pinworm. Scotch tape or "Anal cellophane" test. Itching.

Enterobius vermicularis

19

Infectious mono. Downey cells

Epstein-Barr virus

20

Rabbit fever. Hunters may get this.

Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)

21

Mucousy diarrhea, especially seen in AIDS patients

Giardia lamblia

22

Pink eye. Very contagious conjunctivitis. AKA Koch-weeks bacillus

Haemophilus aegyptius

23

Soft, painful, chancroid

Haemophilus ducreyi

24

Stomach ulcers, urease positive

Helicobacter pylori

25

Type I = fever blister, Type II = Genital herpes

Herpes simplex

26

Shingles. Does not cross midline. Along dermatomes. Hides in DRG

Herpes zoster

27

Ohio/Mississippi valley fever. Calcific lesions in lung similar to TB

Histoplasmosis

28

AIDS, HIV virus

HTL V-III virus

29

Red currant jelly sputum

Klebsiella pneumonia

30

Legionnaire's disease from contaminated ventilation water droplets. "Pontiac fever" = mild form of Legionnaire's disease

Legionella pneumophilia