Microbiology Flashcards Preview

Part 1 Board Review > Microbiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (72):
1

M/C roundworm in the world, Colicky pain, lives in sm. intestine

Ascaris lumbricoides

2

In nuts & grains, makes Aflatoxin. Primary liver cancer. Fungus ball in lung

Aspergillosus fumigatus

3

Woolsorter's disease, Inhaled spores, sporulation

Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)

4

Endemic fungus on eastern seaboard from Florida to Canada

Blastomycosis

5

Whooping Cough, Inspiratory whoop

Bordetella pertussis

6

Lyme's disease, Bull's eye rash, Vector = Deer tick aka Lxodes scapularis

Borrelia burgdorferi

7

Recurrent/relapsing fever

Borrelia recurrentis

8

Bang's disease, zoonosis from cattle, spontaneous abortions in cattle & undulant fever

Brucella abortus

9

Oral thrush = monoliasis in babies & diabetics. White discharge

Candida albicans

10

Parrot fever. Lower respiratory infection

Chlamydia psittaci

11

1st sign=diploplia, 2nd sign=death, Food poisoning

Clostridium botulinum

12

Gas gangrene. Organism aka "C. welchi"

Clostridium perfringes

13

San Joaquin valley fever. Endemic fungus in deserts of southwest

Coccidiomycosis

14

Gray pseudomembrane in throat. Metachromatic fever.

Cornebacterium diphtherium (Diphtheria)

15

A Rickettsia. Causes Q-fever, vector=milk, not organism. Weil-Felix(-)

Coxiella burnetii

16

Fish tapeworm, Can cause pernicious anemia

Diphyllobothrium latum

17

Amebic dysentery. Mild diarrhea. Cyst is infective form

Entamoeba histolytica

18

Pinworm. Scotch tape or "Anal cellophane" test. Itching.

Enterobius vermicularis

19

Infectious mono. Downey cells

Epstein-Barr virus

20

Rabbit fever. Hunters may get this.

Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)

21

Mucousy diarrhea, especially seen in AIDS patients

Giardia lamblia

22

Pink eye. Very contagious conjunctivitis. AKA Koch-weeks bacillus

Haemophilus aegyptius

23

Soft, painful, chancroid

Haemophilus ducreyi

24

Stomach ulcers, urease positive

Helicobacter pylori

25

Type I = fever blister, Type II = Genital herpes

Herpes simplex

26

Shingles. Does not cross midline. Along dermatomes. Hides in DRG

Herpes zoster

27

Ohio/Mississippi valley fever. Calcific lesions in lung similar to TB

Histoplasmosis

28

AIDS, HIV virus

HTL V-III virus

29

Red currant jelly sputum

Klebsiella pneumonia

30

Legionnaire's disease from contaminated ventilation water droplets. "Pontiac fever" = mild form of Legionnaire's disease

Legionella pneumophilia

31

Kala-Azar. Viscerotropic. Sand fly vector

Leishmania donovani

32

Weil's disease. Hemorrhagic jaundice.

Leptospira icterohemorhagiae AKA Leptospira interrogans

33

Listeria. Deli meats & soft cheeses

Listeria monocytogenes

34

River eye worm (African eye worm) Vector = flies. In Africa

Loa Loa

35

Pink cauliflower lesion on female genitalia

Molluscum contagiosum

36

Leprosy (Hansen's disease). Acid fast (+). Destroys sensory nerves & skin

Mycobacterium leprae

37

Tuberculosis. Acid fast (+)

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

38

#1 cause of atypical pneumonia AKA walking pneumonia. Penicillin ineffective b/c mycoplasm lack cell wall

Mycoplasm pneumonia

39

M/C hookworm in US

Necator americanus

40

Gram (-) diplococcus. Chocolate agar. Coffee bean shape.

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

41

Only meningitis to get a rash. Can be fatal

Neisseria meningitides

42

River blindness. Vector = flies. In Africa

Onchocerca volvulus

43

Warts. Transmitted by casual contact (skin contact). Persistant (latent)

Papovavirus (Papillomavirus)

44

Most fatal form of malaria. Black water fever.

Plasmodium falciparum

45

Most common form. Infective stage = sporozoite (mosquito injects) Pathogenic stage = merozoite (infected RBC bursts & lets them out)

Plasmodium vivax, malariae, ovale

46

Acellular protein particles. Causes Mad Cow, Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis, Creuztfield Jacob's Disease, Scrapie (sheep), Kuru (New Guinea), Discovered by Stanley Pyusner

Prions

47

Open burn infection. Blue/green pus. M/C cause of pneumonia in cystic fibrosis. Found in hot/warm & moist places, e.g. contact lenses & hot tubs.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

48

Causes croup & bronchiolitis. M/C respiratory infection in kids

Respiratory syncytial virus

49

German measles. 3-day measles. Mild fever. Congenital rubella syndrome

Rubella

50

(Red) measles. Koplik (white/blue) spots on buccal mucosa. high fever. 3C's - coryza, conjunctivitis, cough. Atypical measles causes SSPE (subacute sclerosing panencephalitis)

Rubeola

51

Salmonella food poisoning. Heat labile.

Salmonella enteriditis

52

Red pus

Serratia marcenscens

53

Bacillary dysentery

Shigella

54

Mumps. Parotiditis --> LMN CN7. Sequelae = oophritis, orchitis

Sidomegalic paramyxoid virus

55

Rose bush thorns, gardeners at risk

Sporotherix shenckii

56

Pathogenic Staph. Catalase (+) & Coagulase (+). Pneumonic = STOIC (scalded skin, toxic shock, osteomyelitis, impetigo, carbuncles)

Staphylococcus aureus

57

Gamma hemolytic strep. Dental caries

Streptococcus mutans

58

Beta hemolytic strep. Group A Lancefield. Catalase (-). Pneumonic = SERGIS (strep throat, Erysipelas, Rheumatic fever, Glomerulonephritis, Impetigo, Scarlet Fever) Jones major criteria for rheumatic fever. Aschoff bodies on cardiac valves from rheumatic fever.

Streptococcus pyogenes

59

Alpha hemolytic strep. M/C cause of typical Pneumonia

Streptococcus pneumoniae

60

Alpha hemolytic strep. SBE (subacute bacterial endocarditis)

Streptococcus viridans

61

Beef tapeworm

Taenia saginata

62

Toxoplasmosis. Vector = cat feces

Toxoplasma gondii

63

Syphilis. Hard, painless, chancre. 3 stages

Treponema pallidum

64

Yaws, non-venereal syph

Treponema pertenue

65

Trichinosis. Diagnosed off X-ray & biopsy

Trichinella spiralis

66

African sleeping sickness

Trypanosoma gambiense

67

Cow pox

Vaccinia

68

Chicken pox. Maculopapularvesicular rash = Red, elevated & fluid-filled

Varicella

69

Small pox. Guarneri bodies

Variola

70

Reversal of Na/K pumps. No immune reaction. No lymph swelling. Rice water stools. Vomiting. Comma shaped.

Vibrio cholerae (Cholera)

71

Yellow fever. Discovered by Reed.

Viscerotropic virus

72

Bubonic plague, Black Death. Vector = rat flea

Yesinia (pasteurella) pestis