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SOCIOLOGY - Families > CHILDHOOD > Flashcards

Flashcards in CHILDHOOD Deck (18)
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1

Pilcher
Modern western view

Childhood is separateness - clear and distinct life stage, separate status from adults

‘Golden age’ of happiness and innocence *

2

Wagg

Childhood is socially constructed
There is no single universal childhood

3

Aries

Childhood Did not exist. Children were seen as many adults, they had the same clothing rights duties and skill as an adult
For example they have the same punishment.

4

Gittins

Age patriarchy - inequalities between adults and children

5

Benedict - non industrial cultures

Less of a dividing line between behaviour expected of children - illustrates childhood not a fixed thing - THIS IS USED FOR CROSS-CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

6

Criticism to Aries
(Pollock)

Pollock -
Middle Ages had a different notion of childhood from today’s, not that it didn’t exist

7

Changes in children’s position

- laws restricting child labour
- compulsory schooling
- child protecting and welfare
- declining in family size & lower infant mortality

8

Postman

Childhood is ‘disappearing at a dazzling speed’ - from information hierarchy
PRINT CULTURE decreased = new media allows children to understand adult things (sex, violence...) - No longer distinguishable.

9

Jenks

Childhood is changing due to our postmodern world - relationships are more unstable so the child becomes an important part of identity and stability

10

What is child-centredness?

Family has down sized - help afford for the child’s need properly
Look after and protect the child

11

Sue Palmer

Toxic childhood -
Due to technological and cultural changes: junk food, computers

12

What does the march of progresses believe ?

Childhood has improved dramatically

13

What does marxist and feminists believe ?

Criticise March of progress

March of progress view is based on false and idealised image, ignores important inequalities:
-inequalities among children
- inequality between children and adults (greater control, oppressions, protection)

14

Bonke
Inequalities among children

Girls found to do more domestic labour - 5x for likely in line parent families compared to boys

15

Firestone and Holt
Inequalities between children and adults

‘Protection’ from paid work is not a benefit to children = helps adults control children. Children are powerless

16

Inequalities between children and adults?

- neglect and abuse
- control over children’s space
- control over children’s time
- control over children’s bodies
- control over access and resource

17

Who talks about age patriarchy?

Gittins -
Described inequalities between adults and children

18

Hockey and James - links to Gittins age patriarchy

Status of holders and restrictions - not allowed to swear = gets told off
- no smoking
- no drinking
- no sexual behaviour