Flashcards in CHILDHOOD Deck (18)
Modern western view
Childhood is separateness - clear and distinct life stage, separate status from adults
‘Golden age’ of happiness and innocence *
Childhood is socially constructed
There is no single universal childhood
Childhood Did not exist. Children were seen as many adults, they had the same clothing rights duties and skill as an adult
For example they have the same punishment.
Age patriarchy - inequalities between adults and children
Benedict - non industrial cultures
Less of a dividing line between behaviour expected of children - illustrates childhood not a fixed thing - THIS IS USED FOR CROSS-CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
Criticism to Aries
Middle Ages had a different notion of childhood from today’s, not that it didn’t exist
Changes in children’s position
- laws restricting child labour
- compulsory schooling
- child protecting and welfare
- declining in family size & lower infant mortality
Childhood is ‘disappearing at a dazzling speed’ - from information hierarchy
PRINT CULTURE decreased = new media allows children to understand adult things (sex, violence...) - No longer distinguishable.
Childhood is changing due to our postmodern world - relationships are more unstable so the child becomes an important part of identity and stability
What is child-centredness?
Family has down sized - help afford for the child’s need properly
Look after and protect the child
Toxic childhood -
Due to technological and cultural changes: junk food, computers
What does the march of progresses believe ?
Childhood has improved dramatically
What does marxist and feminists believe ?
Criticise March of progress
March of progress view is based on false and idealised image, ignores important inequalities:
-inequalities among children
- inequality between children and adults (greater control, oppressions, protection)
Inequalities among children
Girls found to do more domestic labour - 5x for likely in line parent families compared to boys
Firestone and Holt
Inequalities between children and adults
‘Protection’ from paid work is not a benefit to children = helps adults control children. Children are powerless
Inequalities between children and adults?
- neglect and abuse
- control over children’s space
- control over children’s time
- control over children’s bodies
- control over access and resource
Who talks about age patriarchy?
Described inequalities between adults and children