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Flashcards in FAMILY PATTERNS Deck (21)
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1

increase in divorce...
5 causes -

1. changes in law - equalizing the groups for divorce
2. decline in stigma and change in attitudes
3. secularisation - decline influence from religion
4. rising expectation of marriage - Fletcher: there are higher expectations = less willing to tolerate = unhappy
5. women increased financial Independence

2

Stats of divorce:

65% of petitions for divorce come from women but in 1946 only 37% were

3

Changes in ... causes divorce

LAW
- cheaper
- widening grounds

4

Decline in .... and changing .....

Decline in STIGMA and change in ATTIUDES

- now socially expected

5

Secular.......

SECULARISATION
- religious institutions are loosing their influence, personal decisions

6

Raising expectations of .....

MARRIAGE
* Fletcher - higher expectations link to more divorce

7

Women’s increase ....... ......

FINANCIAL INDEPENDENCE

Don’t need a man - equal pay act, increase girls success in education

8

Beck and Giddens - modernity and individualisation

INDIVIDUALISATION THESIS:
People are less willing to stay with a partner for life if they don’t fulfill their potential & are unhappy

Giddens: pure relationship - a relationship purely to statify each partners needs


SHOWS FREEDOM! (Post modernist perspective)

9

Reasons for change in marriage:

- change in attitudes
- secularisation
- decline in stigma (alternatives to marriage: cohabitation etc
- fear of divorce: some people put off marriages
- change in position of women: more independent

10

Cohabitation stats

- estimate of 69,000 same sex couples
- 2.9 million heterosexual couples in Britain

11

Reasons for the increase in cohabitation

- decline in stigma attached to sex outside of marriage
- the young are more likely to accept cohabitation
- increase independence and carre opportunites for women = less financially dependent on men —> freer
- secularisation

12

A trial marriage

Cohabitation can be seen as a TRAIL MARRIAGE

13

Weeks

Chosen families -
Increased social acceptance = helps explain trends to same sex relationships

14

Stats about child bearing

47% of all children now born outside of marriage: over twice than 1986

15

Stats about lone parents families

- 22% are lone parent in the uk
- 90% are headed by lone mothers

16

Murray - lone parent families

Sees the growth in lone parent families = because there’s over-generous welfare making it easier

17

How does the NR criticise the Murray

Welfare is NOT over-generous:
- lack Afforable childcare
- inadequate welfare benefits
- most lone parents are women = earn less than men

18

Mirza - ethnic differences in family patterns

Higher rate of Lone parent families not because of disorganisation but rather places high value on independence in women in the family

19

Why are Asian families more likely to be extended

Because families = tradition, Asian culture

20

What is a bean pole family?

Type of extended family, ‘long and thin’

21

What is an extended family?

Extends beyond the nuclear: uncle, aunts , grandparents...