Flashcards in FAMILY DIVERSITY Deck (15)
What do functionalists believe about the family....
Fictional fit theory between the nuclear family and Morden society
Why do the NR see lone parents families as harmful
- lone mothers can discipline
- no male adult role model
- poor: burden to tax payers and welfare
Benson - 15,000 babies
Found 15,000 babies: first 3 years = cohabiting couple: 20% breakdown
= married 6% breakdown
Married = more stable
Criticism of the NR
NR wrongly assume that wife’s and husbands have fixed biological roles
Dual earner family - both spouses go to work & not just the husband
Sees nuclear family as dominate, family diversity has been exaggerated
What does the Rapoports say?
5 types of family:
1. Organisational diversity (difference in family roles)
2. Cultural diversity (different cultures, religions, ethnic groups)
3. Social class diversity (different income for social classes)
4. Life-stage diversity (different life stages)
5. Generational diversity (older & younger generations)
What does Stacey say?
Making relations with divorces family (for a child’s sake, keep in touch...)
Who says the individualisation thesis & what is it?
Giddens and Beck!
As a result of increased individual choice upon families and relationships - traditional social cultures have lost influence (gender, class, family)
What does Giddens say about choice and equality?
(pure relationship links to this)
Relationships have been transformed:
- contraception = intimacy : not just reproduction
- women have gained independence = feminism, greater opportunities and education and work
Who says pure relationship?
It’s not law, religions, social norms or tradition that doesn’t make a relationship.
Nowadays it’s intimacy - satisfying the partners needs = happiness, love and sexual attraction
Same sex couple as pioneers
Who says that and what is it?
Giddens, Same sex relationships = new family types, more democracy and equal relationships
Now live in a risk society - tradition is less influenced and more choice
= greater gender equality
= greater individualism
Who says the ZOMBIE FAMILY and what is it?
Because it appears to be alive but in reality is dead.
People want to be in a haven of security
Who criticises the individualisation thesis?
- Personal life perspective
- people disembed, ‘free-floating’: ignores choices about personal relationships are made within social context
- ignores inequality’s and patriarchal gender norms: limiting and shaping relationships