FAMILY DIVERSITY Flashcards Preview

SOCIOLOGY - Families > FAMILY DIVERSITY > Flashcards

Flashcards in FAMILY DIVERSITY Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

What do functionalists believe about the family....
Parsons

PARSON -
Fictional fit theory between the nuclear family and Morden society

2

Why do the NR see lone parents families as harmful

- lone mothers can discipline
- no male adult role model
- poor: burden to tax payers and welfare

3

Benson - 15,000 babies

Found 15,000 babies: first 3 years = cohabiting couple: 20% breakdown
= married 6% breakdown

Married = more stable

4

Criticism of the NR

Feminist: OAKLEY
NR wrongly assume that wife’s and husbands have fixed biological roles

5

Chester

NEO-CONVENTIONAL FAMILY:
Dual earner family - both spouses go to work & not just the husband

Sees nuclear family as dominate, family diversity has been exaggerated

6

What does the Rapoports say?

5 types of family:
1. Organisational diversity (difference in family roles)
2. Cultural diversity (different cultures, religions, ethnic groups)
3. Social class diversity (different income for social classes)
4. Life-stage diversity (different life stages)
5. Generational diversity (older & younger generations)

7

What does Stacey say?

Postmodern families

‘Divorce-extended family’
Making relations with divorces family (for a child’s sake, keep in touch...)

8

Who says the individualisation thesis & what is it?

Giddens and Beck!
As a result of increased individual choice upon families and relationships - traditional social cultures have lost influence (gender, class, family)

9

What does Giddens say about choice and equality?
(pure relationship links to this)

Relationships have been transformed:
- contraception = intimacy : not just reproduction
- women have gained independence = feminism, greater opportunities and education and work

10

Who says pure relationship?

Giddens -
It’s not law, religions, social norms or tradition that doesn’t make a relationship.
Nowadays it’s intimacy - satisfying the partners needs = happiness, love and sexual attraction

11

Same sex couple as pioneers
Who says that and what is it?

Giddens, Same sex relationships = new family types, more democracy and equal relationships

12

Beck

NEGOTIATED FAMILY
Now live in a risk society - tradition is less influenced and more choice

= greater gender equality
= greater individualism

13

Who says the ZOMBIE FAMILY and what is it?

Because it appears to be alive but in reality is dead.
People want to be in a haven of security

14

Who criticises the individualisation thesis?

- Personal life perspective

- people disembed, ‘free-floating’: ignores choices about personal relationships are made within social context

- ignores inequality’s and patriarchal gender norms: limiting and shaping relationships

15

Who says the connective was thesis and what is it?

SMART
- choices made though a ‘web of connectedness’
- we live in networks of existing relationships = range of options and choices of relationships