Flashcards in Child.Lit.Chp7 Deck (43)
Is the Body of stories and poems that have come to us from teller to hearer and from hearer to teller, and who's authors are unknown.
Are simple stories with sparely drawn characters and strong plots
The term Folktale?
Originates from German and French that means "popular tales/household tales"
Branch of Folktale.
Fair tales-but they include more than fairies.
Folktales from other counties/races
Africa-Br'er Rabbit (spider and rabbit)
Latin America-Juan Bobo the simpleton; ratoncito Perez and cucarachita Martinez the gluttonous mouse and the amorous roach.
Native American-spirit man glooscap and the trickster coyote.
Elements of folk stories
setting; characters; plot; themes; how readers respond.
Setting of Folktales
Is in no particular distant past-physical setting is sketchy-not specific. But have an association. E.g: castle, cottage, forest. Each mean something more/equal to a meaning
Cottage = ?
Is where common people live; have ambitions to move up in life
The place of dreams-ordinary people don't belong there, but by chance or will power wind up there.
Is the place of danger and imagination
Are sparsely described, but their character can be described very good or very bad.
Is the part given to a character to fulfill in the plot. Once we know the role the reader instinctively assigned attributes to them
Roles: the hero; the goal; the rival; the helper
The person whose desires and needs drive the story forward.
The Hero's main need or desire
The person who stands between the hero and her or his goal
The person or force who helps the hero towards his or her goal.
Commonalities of Folktales
Motifs & Tale types
Is what identifies the real hero(ine)
3 ways: certain actors(fair godmother, wicked stepmothers);
certain objects(a ring; wand; sword; clothing; bread crumbs, Etc);
certain actions (turning wine into blood, special move etc.)
A recognizable pattern that forms in a folk narrative. Is a cluster of motifs or strands of motifs woven together.
The hero cycle?
Is composed of several steps
-the hero at home
-the call to adventure
-the land of adventure
-a deathlike experience
-meeting the goddess
-atonement with the father
-stealing or winning the boon
The claims of Freud
1st the power of early drama of the family the basics of who we are now started out when we were kids
2nd we create symbols to exit urges to reduce the tension they generate.
A French poet and lawyer published histories ou contes . . . Avec des moralities
The Brothers Grimm
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Gathered the material where scholars. Born 1785 and 1786 most material was gathered from Frau viehmannin hansel and gretel; Snow White; little red riding hood.
Father of English folklore: published English fairy tales; and Celtic fairy tales; three bears; Henny Penny; jack and the beanstalk
Hans Christian Anderson
The ugly duckling; the little mermaid; the steadfast tin solider.
American variants of European Folktales reworked in a mountain setting
Types of folk literature
Cumulative tales; animal tales and tricksters tales; humorous tales; tall tales; ghost stories; fairy tales; realistic tales; legends; epics and ballads; fables; myths; pour quoi tales; religious stories; literary tales (difference is that the author is known)
Is created by repeating phrases and adding to them
Animal tales and trickster tales
Trickster tales are a type of animal tale in which characters try to get the best of each other. Animals are used instead of people.
A type is the numbskull tale are stories about fools and idiots who succeed inspire of themselves.
Greatly exaggerated accounts of the exploits of local Heroes
The opposite end of the Folktale spectrum. Tales of fright and terror -greater effect if told rather than read
Involve the intervention of magic in the plot. can take form of apprenticeship / hero tales (jack and bean stalk etc)
Stories in circulation that could have happened. A type is the urban legend (like the man who gives a girl on the side of the road a ride home (she is dead))
Are stories about saints or other Herod who might have actually have lived (ie king author; Robin Hood)
Epics and ballads
Epics: Extended accounts if the exploits of national Heroes, often intended to provide the young with models to emulate and ideals to embrace.
Ballads: are narratives in song
Are brief dramatic tales with animal characters, that illustrate a clear lesson that is often stated at the end, which becomes a proverb: a short memorable statement of Advice or observation about human nature.
Text that try to explain the mysteries of the universe in terms that are understandable to the average person.
-a category is the creation stories.
Pour quoi tales
Stories that explain why. Helps find explanation for things from serious to the playful.
Are stories about or based of religious tales or people
They have known authors and are written with the same jewel-like wisdom and succinctness as the stories from the oral tradition
British isles tales
Irish folklore; Scottish folklore; welsh folklore; English folklore