Chp 13 Urinary system Flashcards Preview

My Medical Terminology > Chp 13 Urinary system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chp 13 Urinary system Deck (33)
Loading flashcards...
1

albuminuria

presense of albumin in the urine, such as occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise

presense of albumin in the urine, such as occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise

2

proteinuria

presense of albumin in the urine, such as occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise (albumin/o = protein)

3

anuria

absence of urine formation

4

bacteriuria

presence of bacteria in the urine

5

dysuria

painful urination

6

enuresis

urinary incontinence; involuntary discharge of urine, usually referring to a lack of bladder control (enourein = to urinate, -esis = condition, action, or process)

7

nocturnal enuresis

bedwetting during sleep (enourein = to urinate, -esis = condition, action, or process)

8

Glucosuria

glucose (sugar) in the urine

9

glycosuria

glucose (sugar) in the urine

10

hematuria

presence of blood in the urine

11

incontinence

involuntary discharge of urine or feces

12

urinary stress incontinence

involuntary discharge of urine with coughing, sneezing, or strained exercise

13

ketonuria

presence of ketone bodies in the urine

14

ketone bodies

acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid are products of metabolism that appear in the urine from the body's abnormal use of carbohydrates, such as occurs in uncontrolled diabetes or starvation

15

nocturia

urination at night

16

oliguria

scanty production of urine

17

polyuria

condition of excessive urination

18

pyuria

presence of white cells (pus) in the urine, usually indicating infection

19

urinary retention

retention of urine caused by an inability to void (urinate) naturally because of spasm or obstruction

20

adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD)

inherited condition of multiple cysts that gradually form in the kidney, causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure; diagnosed in adults presenting with hypertension, kidney enlargement, and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs)

21

glomerulonephritis

form of nephritis involving the glomerulus

22

hydronephrosis

pooling of urine in dilated areas of the renal pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys caused by an obstructed outflow of urine

23

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

24

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

25

nephrosis

degenerative disease of the renal tubules

26

nephrolithiasis

presence of a renal stone or stones (lith/o = stone)

27

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder (Latin cystis, from Greek kystis "bladder, pouch")

28

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

29

urethrocystitis

inflammation of the urethra and bladder

30

urethral stenosis

narrowed condition of the urethra