Chp 9 Endocrine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chp 9 Endocrine Deck (33)
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1

aden/o

gland

2

adren/o, adrenal/o

adrenal gland

3

andr/o

male

4

crin/o

to secrete

5

dips/o

thirst

6

gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o

glucose (sugar)

7

hormon/o

hormone (an urging on)

8

ket/o, keton/o

ketone bodies

9

pancreat/o

pancreas

10

thym/o

thymus gland

11

thyr/o, thyroid/o

thyroid gland (shield)

12

glucocorticoids

regulate carbohydrate metabolism and have antiinflammatory effects; cortisol is the most significant glucocorticoid

13

catecholamines

hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla that affect the sympathetic nervous system in stress response

14

epinephrine

hormone secreted in response to fear or physical injury

15

norepinephrine

hormone secreted in response to hypotension and physical stress

16

insulin

a hormone secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans that is responsible for regulating the metabolism of glucose (insulin island)

17

glucagon

a hormone secreted by the alpha cells of the islets of Langerhans that serves to regulate carbohydrate metabolism by raising blood sugar

18

PTH

(Parathyroid Hormone)regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism

19

hypophysis

pituitary gland

20

ADH

(Antidiuretic Hormone)influences the absorption of water by kidney tubules

21

oxytocin

influences uterine contraction

22

thyroxine

known as a thyroid hormone; regulate metabolism

23

calcitonin

regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism

24

glucosuria

glucose (sugar) in the urine

25

hypercalcemia

an abnormally high level of calcium in the blood

26

hypokalemia

deficient level of potassium in the blood

27

hyperglycemia

high blood sugar

28

hypoglycemia

low blood sugar

29

ketosis

presence of an abnormal amount of ketone bodies (acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid) in the blood and urine indicating an abnormal use of carbohydrates, such as in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation (keto = alter)

30

polydipsia

excessive thirst