Flashcards in Christian Beliefs And practices Deck (71):
What is Omnipotent?
What is Omniscient?
What is omnibenevolent?
What certain truths does the creation story reveal about God?
1. he created everything
2. He is responsible for order in the universe
3. Everything created was good
4. Human’s are made in God’s image
What is Justice?
Everyone gets what they deserve
What is transcendent?
God is apart from the rest of creation
What is the problem of evil?
If God is all powerful, all knowing and all loving - why is there still suffering in the world?
What are 2 solutions to the problem of evil?
1. God gave us freewill
2. Suffering is a test
Summarise the story of pentecost
Jerusalem filled with pilgrims, holy spirit blessed the disciples with the gift of speaking many different languages with flames upon their head
How does the holy spirit change lives?
Giving them courage, gift of healing the sick & tongues
What is incarnation? (+why it’s important)
God taking on the form of a man, proves he loves us
What is Matthew & Luke’s version of the incarnation?
It was literally true
What is John’s version of the incarnation?
‘The word became flesh and dwelt among us’
What is atonement?
A relationship being restored
Why is the crucifixion important to Christians?
It’s one huge sacrifice for all our sins
What 4 things does the resurrection show?
1. Jesus is the son of God
2. Life after death is possible
3. God is more powerful than death
4. Jesus understands what it’s like to be human
What is the point of life after death?
It makes life fair
What proof is there for life after death?
Resurrection, near death experiences, out of body experiences
What is arbitrary?
God picking at random
What is partisan?
God picks favourites
Give 3 different interpretations of the afterlife
1. Day of Judgement
2. Soul immediately goes to heaven/hell
3. Purgatory, sins
What are heaven & hell like? 3 things
1. Desirable to each person
2. Separated / eternity with god
3. Same place
How do we get into Heaven?
By doing good works ; helping the most vulnerable members of society
How does the afterlife influence us today? 5 things
1. Try to live a good life
2. Grateful for Jesus’ sacrifice
3. Easier to cope with bereavement
4. World seems like a fair place
5. Helps with difficult times
What is worship?
Showing God that he is worthy of praise
Give 4 details about Liturgical Worship
1. Follows the same pattern every week
2. Catholic & Anglican
3. Set passages from bible
4. Hymns & symbolic actions
What are 2 advantages to Liturgical worship?
Unchanging, reminds them of childhood
Give 4 details about Non-Liturgical worship
1. No prayer book
2. Baptist or Methodist
3. More participation
4. Still similar from week to week
What is a disadvantage to Liturgical worship?
Could be seen as Boring
What are 2 advantages to Non-liturgical worship
Welcoming, feels like a community
Give 4 details about Informal worship
1. Quaker or House churches
4. Prayer in Tongues
What are 2 advantages to informal worship?
Personal, how first christians prayed
Give 4 advantages to Private worship
1. Relationship with God
3. Not forced
What are Sacraments?
Give 2 examples of Sacraments
Why do Christians get baptised?
They’re following Jesus’ example ; beginning a new life committed to God
What are the two types of baptism?
Infant (Catholic) / Believers (Baptist or Pentecostalist)
Give 2 features of infant baptism
Holy Water in a cross shape on the forehead, Godparents
Give 2 features of Believers Baptism
Full immersion in water, telling the congregation why they are christian
What do Protestants do to celebrate Holy Communion?
Remembering the last supper - bread & wine served from an ordinary table, passed around the congregation
What do Catholics do to celebrate Holy Communion?
Believe the bread and wine ACTUALLY became Jesus, held on a holy altar to value Jesus’ sacrifice (in a tabernacle) Only the priest can serve
Give 6 opinions that oppose the Sacraments
Meaningless, Jesus more interested in people, Cause a division, get in the way of faith, more effective ways of remembering Jesus, Everyday should be a fresh commitment
Name 2 Christian Festivals
Christmas (incarnation of Jesus) and Easter (Jesus' crucifixion)
Give 4 things Christians may do to celebrate Christmas
White candle lit, Carol singing, school nativity plays, gifts given
Why is Easter more important than Christmas to christians?
It shows Jesus' love for humans
Give 4 significant parts of Easter
Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Maundy Thursday, Easter Sunday
What is a Pilgrimage?
A physical & spiritual journey to feel closer to God
Give 5 reasons why a christian may go on a pilgrimage
forgiveness, guidance from God, cure an illness, cure mental health, spend time with other christians
Give 2 Examples of pilgrimages
Lourdes, France and Iona, Scotland
Why is Iona considered a religious place?
A monastery was set up there, remote and feels as though the barrier between natural and spiritual world is thin
Give 3 differences between Lourdes and Iona
1. Iona full of nature, Lourdes very commercialised
2. You go to Iona to appreciate God's glory, Lourdes to receive a cure
3. Level of People that attend each varies greatly
Why is Lourdes considered a religious place?
Bernadette had a vision of the Virgin Mary there
What is Persecution?
Hostility and ill-treatment because of race, political or religous beliefs
What religious quote would you give for Persecution?
"Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness"
Give 3 examples of religious persecution
Higher taxes, unemployment, attacks
Give 2 quotes in response to religious persecution
"turn the other cheek" "Do not overcome evil with evil, but overcome evil with good"
Give 5 ways Open doors help christians who are persecuted
theological training for pastors, vocational training for women, trauma counselling, refugee support, radio broadcasts
What is Reconciliation?
Restoring of harmony after relationships have broken down
Give 2 examples of how christians have demonstrated Reconciliation
Coventry Cathedral 'Father Forgive us', Desmond Tutu chair of Truth and Reconicilation comission
What do Christians believe about Poverty?
It's a sanctity of life issue
Give 3 ways Christian Aid help LEDCs
Emergency Relief, Long Term Aid, Campaigning
How might the church follow Jesus' teachings in their everyday life?
Help those less fortunate (sheep & goat), help those who are marginalized, agape love
Give an example of a Foodbank
Give 3 ways Street Pastors help society
prevent anti-social behaviour, arrange for drunks to get home, relieve pressure on emergency services
What is Evangelism?
The mission to spread good news to non-believers that Jesus is the Son of God
What is the Great Commission?
Jesus telling the disciples to convert the world to christianity
What are Missionaries?
Evangelists working in other countries carrying out humanitarian work
What is the Alpha Course?
A missionary that explores the meaning of life and offers opportunities for questions about the Christian faith
What is Epiphany?
The wise men coming to visit Jesus 12 days after Christmas
What is Palm Sunday?
Jesus pronouncing himself as the messiah