Crime and Punishment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crime and Punishment Deck (30):
1

Which 2 religious laws coincide with state laws?

'Do not kill' and 'Do not steal'

2

Which 2 religious laws that don't coincide with state laws?

Homosexuality and Working on the sabbath

3

Give 2 Christian arguments against breaking the law

'submit to governing authorities' and 'there is no authority except from god' - it's safer to abide by laws

4

Give 3 christian arguments for breaking the law

'loose the chains of injustice', Martin Luther King, Dietrich Bonhoeffer

5

Why may Buddhists break the law?

Karuna ; if the law is unfair then it's acceptable , Thich Nhat Hanh broke the law when freeing the Vietnamese

6

Give 3 reasons why christians may agree to causing suffering

'An eye for an eye'
'Whoever sheds man's blood by man shall his blood be shed'
If it's for a good cause, Dietrich bonhoeffer

7

Give 3 reasons why christians may disagree to causing suffering

'Do not overcome evil with evil, but instead overcome evil with good'
'love our enemies'
'the one without sin cast the first stone'

8

What are the 3 types of crimes?

Person, Property, State

9

Why shouldn't Buddhists commit crimes?

5 moral precepts, 3 poisons, 8 fold path

10

What are the 7 causes of crime?

Upbringing, Poverty, Greed, Hate, Addiction, Mental illness, Protest

11

What do Christians believe about why we commit crimes?

Original Sin

12

What do Buddhists believe about why we commit crimes?

3 poisons

13

What are the 4 aims of punishment?

Retribution, Reformation, Deterrence & Public Safety

14

Why may Christians support retribution?

'an eye for an eye'

15

Why may Christians support deterrence?

More sacred human lives are saved

16

Give 4 reasons why Christians prefer Reformation as an aim of punishment

Human life is sacred, we are all guilty, forgiveness, criminals come from difficult backgrounds

17

Give 5 things a Christian may do to help criminals achieve reformation

Help with rehab programmes, Write letters to prisoners, Prison chaplains, Prison reform trust (campaigns for better treatment), Help criminals 'find god'

18

Give 3 alternative punishments to imprisonment

Community service, Probation, House arrest

19

Give 4 reasons why Christians may oppose imprisonment

Universities of crime, Families are affected, business destructed, likely turn to crime when they're released

20

What is Corporal Punishment?

Physically harming the convict

21

What is Capital Punishment?

Death Penalty

22

Why might Christians support Corporal Punishment?

'spare the rod and spoil the child' 'an eye for an eye'

23

Why might Christians oppose Corporal Punishment?

'turn the other cheek'
It's more likely to make them angry and spiteful

24

Give 3 Reasons why Fundamentalist Christians would support the death penalty

1. 'whoever sheds human blood shall their blood be shed'
2. The victim was a sacred person, now the criminal won''t have the chance to kill again
3. Deterrent

25

Give 4 Reasons why Liberal Christians wouldn't support the death penalty

1. We're all 'made in the image of god', they should get the chance to reform
2. Only God has the right to take a life
3. Death penalty no longer applies to breaking the sabbath, being homosexual etc.
4. 'let the one without cast the first stone'

26

What is the Utilitarian point of view on the death penalty?

Do whatever brings the greatest happiness for the greatest number, public safety argument

27

Give 3 secular views against the death penalty

1. The death penalty isn't a proven deterrent
2. What if they're mistakenly accused?
3. The person who initiates the death penalty is technically a murderer too

28

Which 2 aims of punishment do Buddhists prefer?

Public Safety & Retribution

29

Give 2 Reasons why a Buddhist would oppose Retribution

Unskilful action, the offender will bring punishment upon themself

30

Explain the story of Angulimala

A man who wore a garland with the fingers of victims, Buddha didn't punish him for his actions but told him to live a better life