Circulatory System (heart) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Circulatory System (heart) Deck (21)
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0

What does bpm stand for

Beats per minute

1

What is the resting average heart beat?

60-80 bpm

2

What is the exercising average heart beat?

170-200 bpm

3

Vascular means what?

Blood vessels

4

What is the name for high blood pressure?

Hypertension

5

High blood pressure causes what to happen to blood vessels?

Their walls thicken

6

What is the normal blood pressure?

120/80

7

How can high blood pressure be controlled by taking fluid out of your body?

Diuretic

8

What are four ways that you can prevent or control blood pressure?

Exercise, low salt diet, reduce stress, weight control

9

What is arteriosclerosis?

The hardening of the arteries

10

What is atherosclerosis?

When fatty deposits narrow or block the arteries due to high fats or cholesterol and lack of exercise

11

What do coronary arteries do?

Supply blood to heart tissue

12

What causes heart attacks?

Blockage of coronary arteries

13

What is a disruption of blood flow to the brain?

Stroke

14

What are the two things that cause a stroke?

Aneurysm or Thrombus

15

What is an aneurysm?

Weak spot in artery that bursts

16

What is a thrombus?

Blood clot

17

What is Angina Pectoris and what are some warning signs of a heart attack?

Chest pain, and warning signs are pressure in the chest, sweating, nausea, shortness of breath and severe pain

18

In the number 120/80 for blood pressure, what is the top number called and what does it mean?

Systolic pressure which is the amount of force when the ventricle contracts and the heart beats

19

In the number 120/80 for blood pressure, what is the bottom number called and what does it mean?

Diastolic pressure which is the amount of force when the ventricle relaxes between beats

20

What is pulse?

Heart rate (bpm)