Respiratory System And Smoking Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory System And Smoking Deck (27)
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1

What is tar?

A sticky substance that contains carcinogens and coats the inside of your airways

2

What gas blocks oxygen from getting into your blood stream

Carbon monoxide

3

What two things lead to mouth sores and oral cancer

Snuff and chewing tobacco

4

What is the type of smoke called that is inhaled and exhaled by the smoker

Mainstream smoke

5

What is emphysema

A lung disease in which the alveoli lose their elasticity or become blocked

6

What is any chemical or agent that causes cancer called

Carcinogen

7

What are the five short term physical effects of tobacco use

Stimulates brain reward system
Increases heart rate and blood pressure
Increases breathing rate
Increases blood sugar levels
Stimulates the vomit reflex

8

What are the seven effects of tobacco on the fetus and baby

Risk of miscarriage
Risk of premature birth
Low birth weight
Slow growth rate
Risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Risk of developing respiratory illness
Risk of learning difficulties

9

What happens in the nose

It is where the oxygen that enters the body is warmed and moistened

10

What is the epiglottis

The flap of Cartilage that closes over the larynx while swallowing

11

What is the bronchi and what does it do

The split of the trachea, they each bring oxygen to the lungs

12

What is the trachea also called

The windpipe

13

What do the lungs do

Exchange CO2 (carbon dioxide) for O2 (oxygen)

14

What are the alveoli and what happens there

Air sacs at the end of bronchioles, where capillaries pick up oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide

15

What does the diaphragm separate

The chest cavity

16

What is the pharynx

Also called the throat, the passageway for air and food

17

What is the larynx

Also called the voice box, where the throat ends and where the trachea begins

18

What are the bronchioles and what do they do

They are smaller tubes of the bronchi within the lines that deliver oxygen to the alveoli

19

What are spasms of the diaphragm

Hiccups

20

What is the reaction by the immune system to a harmless substance

Allergy

21

What is a disorder causing airways that carry air into the lungs to become narrow and clogged with mucus

Asthma

22

What is it called when mucus builds up in the bronchi and bronchioles

Bronchitis

23

What is cilia

Tiny hairlike structures that filter dust particles from air, they are located in the pharynx, trachea and bronchi

24

What is respiration

The process of bringing in oxygen and removing carbon dioxide from the body

25

What is a mucus membrane

Soft tissue that lines the nose, mouth, throat. When you breathe in, it traps bacteria before it gets to the lungs

26

What is mucus

Slimy fluid that coats the nasal passages, trachea, bronchi. It traps particles from the air

27

What is the addictive drug that is found in tobacco?

Nicotine