Civics 16 and 17 Flashcards Preview

FLASHCARDLET > Civics 16 and 17 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Civics 16 and 17 Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...
0

Laws

Rules enforced by governments

1

Morals

Beliefs about what is fair and what is right or wrong

2

Civil disobiedience

Breaking a law in a nonviolent way because it goes against personal morals

3

Statutes

Written laws made by legislatures

4

Common law

A body of law based on judge's decisions

5

Legal code

Written collection of law often organized by subject

6

Crime

Any behavior that is illegal because the government considers it harmful to society

7

Criminal Law

Group of laws that tell which acts are crimes, how accused persons should be tried in court and how crimes should be punished

8

Felony

Serious crime for which the penalty can be inprisonment for more than one year

9

Misdemeanor

A less serious crime for which the penalty is often a fine

10

Civil Law

Group of laws that help settle disagreements between people

11

Assault

Placing someone in fear without actual physical contact

12

Battery

If physical contact occurs with a weapon or a foot

13

Burglary

When a person breaks into a building and plans to do something illegal inside

14

Embezzlement

Stealing money that has been entrusted in your care

15

Treason

Betrayal of one's country by helping its enemies or by making war against it

16

Terrorism

A crime in which people or groups of people use or say they will use violence in order to get what they want from the government or society

17

Probable cause

A food reason to believe that has a suspect has been involved in a crime

18

Warrant

A legal paper issued by a court giving police permission to make an arrest seizure or search

19

Bail

Money that a defendant gives the court as a kind of promise that he or she will return for their trial

20

Indictment

A formal charge against the accused

21

Arraignment

A court hearing in which the defendant is formally charged with a crime and enters a plea of guilty, not guilty or no contest

22

Plea bargaining

Agreeing to plead guilty in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter sentence

23

Parole

Letting an inmate to free to serve the rest of their sentence outside of prison

24

Delinquent

A juvenile who is found guilty of a crime

25

Status offender

A youth found guilty of running away, disobidience, or truancy- skipping school without permission