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Flashcards in Supreme Court Cases Deck (22):
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Brown v. The Board of Education Topeka Kansas

Began the process of school desegregation. Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson

1

Dredd Scott v. Sandford

Supported the interests of slave owners. Increased tension before civil war

2

Marbury v. Madison

Established Judicial Review

3

Engel v. Vitale

Strengthened separation between church and state.

4

In Re Gault

This guaranteed juveniles some of the same rights as adults

5

Gibbons vs. Ogden

Congress could regulate interstate activity. Also allowed federal regulation of national businesses

6

Gideon v. Wainwright

It gave the defendants access to an attorney even if they were to poor.

7

Heart of Atlanta Motel inc. v. United States

Confirmed power of congress to enforce equal rights and prohibit discrimination

8

Katz v. United States

Changed the 4th amendment "search" section. In the electronic age, the amendment needed to be altered

9

Korematsu v. United States

Government actions mat not be based on race during wartime. It is very controversial

10

Lemon v. Kurtzman

Dealt with state interactions with religious institutions. It resulted in a test to determine if these interactions were constitutional

11

Mapp v. Ohio

A trail could not use evidence from an illegal search. Controversial because criminals were free if police broke the law

12

McColloch v. Maryland

Established that the congress' powers are not limited to those in the constitution

13

Miranda v. Arizona

Established Miranda Rights

14

NAACP v. Alabama

Privacy of membership lists may be necessary to preserve freedom of association

15

New Jersey v. T. L. O.

Flexibility of fourth amendment and balanced the privacy rights of students

16

Plessy v. Ferguson

Allowed seperate but equal facilities. They weren't equal

17

Schenck v. United States

Created "clear and present danger" clause to the first amendment. Speech may be limited if it poses a danger

18

Tinker v. Des Moines Public Schools

Students can express opinions as long as it doesn't disrupt education.

19

United States v. Nixon

The president is not above the law. The courts may force the president to produce tapes or documents for review

20

Weeks v. United States

Used exclusionary clause. Prevented government from using illegally obtained evidence against a criminal

21

Wessberry v. Sanders

Created "one man, one vote". Congressional districts must be equal in population