Flashcards in LITURGY AND MORALITY Deck (9)
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life dedicated to prayer, work, study, and the needs of society



great theologian whose writings helped to defeat the Arians at the Council of Constantinople in 381. Basil was also a holy monk who developed a great “rule of life” for monks, calling them to a life dedicated to serving God in other people, especially those who were poor. Under Basil’s rule the monks vowed, or promised, to practice poverty, chastity, and obedience, which are called the evangelical counsels. The monks also followed a daily routine of community prayer, manual labor, contemplation, and service to those in need

Basil the Great


Building on the work of Basil, Benedict wrote a rule for his monks and for Scholastica’s nuns. Benedict lived by the motto Ora et labora,or “Pray and work,” and his “rule” named seven specific times each day for community prayer

Benedict of Nursia


His monks followed an extremely strict rule of prayer, manual labor, and simple living

Bernard of Clairvaux


reached out to the pagan tribes and began the work of their conversion. made treaties with their leaders and sent Christian missionaries to their homelands

Gregory the Great


Fierce Germanic tribes—Goths, Visigoths, Vandals, and Huns—coming across the Danube and the Rhine rivers, which marked the borders of the empire, caused many centers of learning across the Roman world to be destroyed or abandoned, along with the practice of paganism

Decline of the Holy Roman Empire


In the ninth century, two Greek brothers, Cyril (827–869) and Methodius (825–884), brought the good news of Jesus Christ to the territory from which many of the invading tribes had come.



Charlemagne’s most lasting contribution was to education. He decreed that all monasteries should open schools to everyone, not just to those studying to become monks and nuns. He also encouraged monastic libraries to preserve and copy ancient manuscripts. And he appointed a monk named Alcuin from England to set up a school of religious studies at his palace at Aachen, in modern-day Germany—reestablishing the importance of Christian scholarship. Schism means a division.



The schism of 1054 within the Church separated the Church in the eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire. This schism had its origins in the cultural and political differences between the eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire.
The division would divide the Catholic faith in two, the Roman Catholic Church, and what would grow into the Eastern Orthodox Church.