Civil Liberties Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Civil Liberties Vocab Deck (16)
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Due process of law

Denies the government the right, without due process, to deprive of life, liberty, and property.

1

Equal protection of the law

A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the government.

2

Selective incorporation

Court cases that apply the bill of rights to the states

3

Freedom of expression

Right of people to speaks publish, and assemble.

4

Freedom of religion

People shall be free to exercise their religion, and government may not establish a religion.

5

Prior restraint

Censorship of a publication

6

Clear-and-present-danger test

Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and present danger of producing harmful actions.

7

Libel

Writing that falsely injures another person.

8

Symbolic speech

An act that conveys a political message

9

Free-exercise clauses

First amendment requirement that law cannot prevent referee exercise of religion.

10

Establishment clause

First amendment ban on laws respecting an establishment if religion.

11

Wall of separation

Court ruling that government cannot be involved with religion.

12

Exclusionary rule

Improperly obtained evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial

13

Search warrant

A judges's order authorizing a search.

14

Probable cause

Reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion.

15

Good-faith exception

An error fun gathering evidence sufficiently minor that it may be used in a trial.